Both increased and decreased levels of blood glucose can cause serious health problems. When the blood glucose level falls below the normal blood glucose range, it is known as hypoglycemia. The main symptoms of this condition include sweating, hunger, drowsiness, nervousness, confusion, weakness, and difficulty speaking. High blood glucose level in the blood is medically referred to as hyperglycemia. Some of the common symptoms of hyperglycemia are fatigue, weight loss, excessive thirst, frequent urination, increased appetite, nighttime urination, dry and itchy skin, blurred vision, dry mouth, and slow wound healing.

Persistent high levels of glucose in the blood can lead to diabetes and diabetes-related complications, such as damage to the kidney, cardiovascular disorders, nerve problems, vision problems, osteoporosis, feet conditions, skin disease, mouth problems, and life-threatening conditions like diabetic ketoacidosis. If you suffer from high glucose levels or diabetes mellitus, it is important that you know how to maintain healthy blood glucose levels. First of all, make it a routine to check your blood glucose levels several times a day or in a week.

Modifying your diet is one of the best and most effective steps you can take to keep your blood glucose levels within the normal range. If you are overweight, try your level best to reduce your body weight and maintain an ideal body weight. Remember that obesity can contribute to the occurrence of diabetes. Try to follow a healthy, nutritious, and well-balanced diet. Stay away from sugary, processed, and other high glycemic foods.

Certain types of foods have proven to be effective in maintaining normal glucose levels. It has been noted that eating legumes, such as soy beans, kidney beans, chick peas, and lentils can help in the maintenance of blood glucose levels. People with diabetes are recommended to add low-glycemic foods like whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds to their diet. It is also advised to consume many small meals and snacks throughout the day. Avoid a long gap between two meals. If needed, seek the assistance of a dietician to determine the right diet plan for you.

Another helpful advice on how to maintain healthy blood glucose levels is to remain physically active. Doing regular exercises can definitely help you control your blood sugar levels and diabetes. Aerobic exercises like bicycling, swimming, and rapid walking are considered as good for controlling blood sugar levels. Check your blood sugar levels before, during, and after your workout. If your blood pressure reading is 70mg/dL or lower, immediately stop the exercise and take a glass of fruit juice or eat hard candies to increase your blood sugar levels. Glucose tablets or a tablespoon of honey can also be taken to deal with low blood sugar or hypoglycemic condition.

Actually, hypoglycemia is not uncommon among diabetic patients. Eat hard candies or glucose tablets or drink fruit juice or take a tablespoon of honey or sugar whenever you feel the symptoms of hypoglycemia. Never skip your meals. Do not forget to take your diabetic medications as directed by your physician. It is also very important to get enough rest and sleep, as lack of sleep can affect your blood sugar levels.

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