The diaphragm is made of inner skeletal muscles and stretches to the lower part of rib cage. The diaphragm is the membrane that stands between the abdominal and thoracic cavities that's composed of the heart, ribs, and lungs and is particularly accountable for the inhaling and exhaling systems.

The diaphragm can be partioned into 3 sections: the sternal, costal, and lumbar components. The sternal part of diaphragm comprises of the 2 muscular slips from xiphoid process. On the other hand, the costal part combines with the transverses abdominis muscle. It consists of the cartilages and adjoining sections of the 6 ribs situated around the thoracic cavity. Finally, the lumbar portion of the diaphragm comprises of lumbocostal arches as well as the crura. The diaphragm has a lot of gaps within it to permit the passage of other structures between the abdomen and the thorax. In addition to the minor ones, there are 3 important openings in the diaphragm. The names of the openings are the esophageal, aortic and infeiror vena caval, allowing corresponding structures through them.

Diaphragm is a very important part of the human body as it performs on diverse tasks which are important to keep a person living. During respiration, the diaphragm contracts in order to expand the thoracic cavity, while allows lung to enlarge and acquire more air. This phenomenon takes place in 2 different varieties of respiration. The first is described as abdominal respiration, where the thoracic cavity extends down. The next version of respiration is known as thoracic respiration and lets the thoracic cavity to enlarge upside.

The diaphragm is also related and responsible for other tasks not related to breathing. Such as, it is involved in functions such as vomiting and parturition. The diaphragm acts in such actions by raising the intra-abdominal tension of the human body. The diaphragm acts in vomiting, but it might also help to prevent vomiting. This is done by the diaphragm exerting stress around the esophagus as it passes through the esophageal opening.

Probably the most well-known related functions of the diaphragm is hiccups. These are automatic and abrupt contractions of the diaphragm. The mechanism involves the rapid rush of air inside the lungs pushing the vocal cords to shut. Despite the fact that we all know that hiccups are often troublesome or distressing, it must be considered that they're unhazardous to the human body. Hiccups commonly vanish fairly rapidly after first appearing. So it is only a matter of waiting for the diaphragm to become normal.

Author's Bio: 

Ahsan Iqbal is a student of medicine and surgery. He has founded a great website on Human Anatomy