In the present times, there are various treatments to treat various ailments of conditions of the spine, brain, as well as peripheral nerves. In the initial stage of the issues a physician tries to treat their patients with medications, physical therapy or even nerve blocks, but if these don’t work then surgery is recommended as the last option. The type of surgery totally depends upon the disorder being faced by the patient, which is discussed with their neurologist or neurosurgeon. They also brief their patients about the benefits as well as, the associated risks of each and every surgery. Here are a few types of neurological surgeries that are recommended:

  1. Cervical Spine Surgery
    The cervical surgery is mainly performed to treat nerve/spinal cord impingement and spinal instability. During this surgery, a small incision that is made on the side of your neck, which is known as an Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion or in some cases an incision is made down the back of the neck of the patient, which is known as a Posterior Cervical Laminectomy. The patient’s doctor decides the best approach based on their diagnosis and other factors.
  2. Lumbar Spine Surgery
    The Lumbar Spine surgery is mainly done for treating the lumbar spine, or the lower back. This kind of surgery further also has a variety of types of surgery, which is mainly decided based on the diagnosis and various other factors. Mainly, there are two common types of Lumbar surgeries which are known as Lumbar Micro-Discectomy and Lumbar Laminectomy.
  3. Carpal Tunnel Release
    This kind of surgery is performed to treat the carpal tunnel syndrome. This kind of syndrome mainly causes pressure on the median nerve that exists in the wrist that further results in pain as well as weakness in the hand. Such ailments are treated with some nonsurgical treatments first at the initial stage, which mainly includes medications, therapies, lifestyle changes, wrist splints and even shots of corticosteroid medicine into the carpal tunnel. If everything mentioned above fails, then surgery is advised by the doctors.
  4. Ulnar Nerve Decompression
    This surgical procedure is mainly designed to treat the area around the elbow through which the ulnar nerve passes. This ulnar nerve is mainly responsible for the “funny bone” phenomenon when the elbow gets a hit. In the cases of any damage to this nerve, which can be from any kind of trauma or some injury or even rare chances of a tumor, which further leads to tingling like the “funny bone” sensation or permanent sensation of numbness. Such kind of damages sometimes also leads to damaging of the functioning of the muscles of the hand, which are supplied by the ulnar nerve.
  5. Craniotomy
    In this surgical method, a part of bone is removed from the skull for the exposure of the brain. In Craniotomy some specialized tools are used for the removal of that section of bone, which is known as bone flap which is temporarily removed just for the time of brain surgery.

Preparing for Surgery
Before taking up any type of the surgery mentioned above, a neurologist firstly has to prepare the patient before the surgery. There is a list of instructions that a patient has to follow to prepare themselves before the surgery that is totally based upon the diagnosis. That list varies according to the type of procedure that a patient will go through for their surgery. Your neurologist or a neuro-physician also helps to overcome after the surgery. There are many famous neurologists in the Delhi NCR area if you are looking for the best neurosurgeon in Gurgaon who can help you to overcome the problems faced by you.

In some cases, a person is advised to discontinue some things such as aspirin or other blood thinners, several days before the surgery. It is always recommended to quit smoking as it increases the healing time from surgery, especially in the cases of spinal fusions. The patients also have to ensure some arrangements to be done at home for a proper care after their discharge from the hospital. These arrangements may include some helpers at their home so that one can have a proper rest for better recovery.

Author's Bio: 

My name is Gaurav Chauhan, I am post graduate in English (Hons) from Jamia Islamia University. I am a professional content writer but I am more keen for writing health & fitness and nature & environment issues.Hope you like my this article about Best Neurologists for different Neurological Surgeries in Gurgaon.