Strategies In Teaching Reading: Different Types Of Reading Strategies

Whether you are home schooling your child, or whether your child is going to school, the one thing that is vital for their future success is good reading skill.

So what can you, the parent, do to improve your child's reading?

Obviously there are many things you can do, but there is one, very simple and easy way to do this. The best way to improve your child's reading is to make your child read out loud as often as possible.

Not only is this one of the most fundamental ways to get your child to read better, it is also a great technique to get your child to speak better and is also a great way to improve their vocabulary and pronunciation.

What can you do to teach your child to read? Is it possible to make your child become a fast and fluent reader?

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This technique works well for both very young readers as well as with older children or even with adults.

1. Have a "read-out-loud" lesson every day

Take the time every day to have a reading lesson with your child where they will read, out loud, a passage from a favourite book or magazine.

When your child encounters an unknown word during your lesson, you can either tell them what this new word is, if they are new to reading, or if your child has already learned how to use phonics, get them to try and work it out for themselves.

2. Let your child auto-correct themselves

By hearing themselves read your child will begin to auto-correct him or her self which is the key to becoming a great reader.

If you allow your child to read silently (what a pleasure that would be) too soon, they will be inclined to skip over words or simply improvise any words that they do not know.

However, if you insist that your child reads out loud they will automatically have to stop and concentrate on the words that they do not know. By doing this they will not only learn new words they will learn the technique of auto-correction which is what we do as adults and which ensures that we are good readers.

So, by getting your child to read aloud whenever they are reading at home (they don't have to be quiet so as not to disturb the rest of their class), for as long as possible, their reading skill will increase dramatically.

3. Teach by example

Like with anything else, our children love to imitate us. If you accidentally stub your toe and let out an expletive in frustration, your child is likely to pick up on the "wrong word" and repeat it endlessly in amusement.

This can prove to be very frustrating for us parents, however, we can use it to our advantage. By honing in on our children's innate need to mimic us, we can inadvertently improve their reading skills.

By you, the parent, taking the time to read out loud for a few minutes every day you are not only setting a good example, you are also showing your child how to read. By reading clearly, annunciating each word and auto-correcting yourself when you make a mistake or encounter a difficult word, you are showing your child the "method" to reading easily.

Also, by reading out loud as often as possible, your child will know that reading is important to you and is more likely to pick up the habit as well.

Reading out loud is one of the easiest and simplest techniques that you can implement. This one little skill, on its own, can propel your child towards a better reading ability and set them on the path to accomplishing their dreams.

Pay Close Attention Here-

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When teaching children to read and spell in the early years the most effective method, as recommended by all government reports of the last decade, is a 'systematic phonics' approach combined with activities combined to promote phonological awareness.

If parents are teaching their own children to read, write and spell at home they can choose an 'initial speech sound group' e.g. the sounds chosen in the popular synthetic phonics program Jolly Phonics. These sounds are s,a,t,i,p and n, with the children taught to hear the speech sounds in words, and to recognise these 'speech sound pics' as one way to represent this speech sound. For example that 's' is one sound pic for the speech sound 'sss' (there are 8)
Why start with this particular group of speech sounds? This is because the word 'sat' for example can be 'sounded out' for reading and also spelling, enabling children to quickly learn to read, write and spell words using just those letters e.g. tan, tin, pan, pat, sit, sat, at, in. With the introduction of a few 'tricky' words the children can be reading, writing and spelling whole sentences in no time- for example I, was, the. Readers can be made so that the children are actually 'reading' books with illustrations. Many are available online for free not for profit organisations such as Fantastic Phonics and SPELD SA.

When parents know what their children need to know before they move on to learning new sound pics (letter sounds) the following list can help them, as a 'check list'. By using this list parents can ensure that the child has understood the important concepts and are able to demonstrate the skills required for early reading and spelling acquisition ie code knowledge, blending, phoneme segmenting and manipulation.

When children can decode a word they can then start to learn its meaning. Fluency, comprehension and vocabulary come after decoding. If a child can't work out the word (ie read the word) he can't begin to understand it within sentences. If he cant heard the speech sounds he cant encode (spell new words) easily. So parents should focus first on teaching children how to decode and then expand on their teaching to include fluency, comprehension and vocabulary. However as can be seen from the following list this can happen very quickly, and these additional skills (fluency, vocabulary and comprehension) be incorporated into teaching alongside phonics and phonemic awareness training.

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At the end of the initial speech sound group children should be;

* 'hearing' speech sounds in words - beginning, middle end

* recognising sound pics in print - and knowing what speech sound they correspond with.

* forming letters correctly (this is arguably less as important as the other concepts, before they start school as they can 'spell' words and form sentences using magnetic letters etc.)

* blending speech sounds orally into words- and as they 'read' the sound pics in words on paper (knowing they do this from left to right)

* 'reading' words by decoding the sound pics from left to right- and blending the sounds into words- also exploring what the word means and how we use it in our language.

* 'spelling words by listening for speech sounds in order - and (the next step) knowing how to order / blend them on paper (using letters and also by forming the letters themselves - can use a pencil and also keyboard with lower case letters)

* 'reading' the words (sat, it, at, in, pin, tin, sit, pat, nip, spin, tan etc) and then comprehending the meaning of the word and sentence if the words are written within a sentence (and in this case knowing that we read the words from left to right)

* learning some 'tricky' words eg 'I' 'was' 'the' - to recognise as high frequency sight words

They will also be able to read sentences - using decodable readers in line with this sound groups (also initial sound group in Jolly Phonics.)

What next?

If ready they can be moved on to digraphs - learning that 2 or more sounds can make a new sound (s, h and sh- 3 sounds) You could use bolded text to show children where the 'chunks' are in words- or 'Sound Pics'. So shop would be shown as having 3 sounds and 3 sound pics- sh+o+p.

Children who cannot read proficiently by grade 3 are four times more likely to leave school without a diploma than proficient readers - Here's How to Teach Your Child to Read Fluently

After the first speech sound pics group children can move on to learn that sounds in our spoken language can be represented in several ways ( f could be ff as in gruff, ph as in phone etc)
And that some sounds on paper can represent more than one sound in our language- ow- as in cow or as in tow.

Parents should focus very much on speech sounds at first to develop phonological awareness- rather than the print. When we start with what the children know how to do- ie to speak - then it is easier for them to understand how to crack the code. When encouraged to hear the speech sounds in words, and to know where they are placed then it is easier for children to then learn that there are 'sound pics' that are simply pictures of tspeech sounds. So 's' is simply a representation on paper of the sound 's', and why they can be called 'sound pics' to make it easier for children to understand the concept. Even early on children can learn to hear how many sounds are in words, even if they have not yet been introduced to the pic. For example to hear that 'ship' has 3 speech sounds and therefore would have 3 speech sound pics. You would then draw 3 lines on paper and the children can work out which sound pic sits on which line to build the word.

Teaching your child to read and spell early is one of the greatest gifts you can give to your child. It should be fun and help then to develop a love to learning and of words. The Reading Whisperer is often heard telling parents 'Being able to read and spell even before they start school will give them increased self-confidence, and they can start to 'read to learn' far earlier than most of the other children, who are still 'learning to read'."

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Teaching very young children to read is not a simple process, but it doesn't have to be difficult either. With a simple step-by-step reading program, you too, can teach your child to read at an early age and help your child achieve superb reading skills. To discover a super simple and powerful reading program that will show you how to easily teach your child to read - Click Here

Learners need to read silently as well as out loud to develop the important skills needed to become independent readers. These skills need to be practised regularly and little and often is the key. There is a way to make this more interesting and it is a good way for you to assess if your child is understanding what they are reading.

You will need a good selection of books at the right level to photocopy or scan. You could type the pages out on your PC. Choose the pages you want to work on and delete the words you want your child to discover.

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Ask your child to read the passage to themselves.

This can encourage learners to use contextual clues to predict words and allow them to try out different words with no help. Don't be concerned if the readers use different words from the ones you would choose if they fit.

1. Ask the reader to read the prepared text silently and think of the words to fill in the blanks.
2. Provide a list of words on paper or a chalk board/white board to help the reader.
3. Have the learner remember the words they choose and to write them down if they are old enough.
4. Discuss the words they have chosen.
5. Ask the learners to read the text again using the words they have selected.

This is a great opportunity to discuss books, stories and ideas with your child so take the time to develop this skill in your child. It will really pay off.

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Learning to read is a long process, but it doesn't have to be a difficult process. Broken down into intuitive and logical steps, a child as young as two years old can learn to read, and older children can accomplish even more. For a simple, step-by-step program that can help your child learn to read - Click Here

How to teach phonics is something every mother who wants to teach their child to read should know.

The first thing you need to do is get your child some flash cards with all the phonics sounds on them. It helps to buy the flash cards with the pictures on them to teach the phonics sounds because it is easier for the child to associate the letter symbol with the sound from the picture. At first you will just be using the flashcards with the sounds of the alphabet on them, but as your child masters those sounds, you will need flashcards for the blends, diagrams, double vowel sounds, and r controlled vowel sounds.

Don't try to teach more than one phonics sound a day (unless you are teaching vowel sounds). You can even spend a whole week on each phonics sound if you choose. (Ideas on some really Fabulous ways to cement the phonics sounds in their little brains later.)

So once you have your flash cards and your child who is eager to learn, simply show them the flash card with the picture on it. Say the letter sound and say the name of the picture, then have them say it. Have them say the sound and the name of the picture several times. Repetition is key! Then think of other words together that make the sound of the letter you are teaching.

For example, show the flash card with the letter 'A' on it with the picture of the Apple to your child. Say, "This letter says, 'a a Apple.' Now you say it, 'a a Apple.' Let's think of some words that start with the 'a' sound. Alligator, Ants, Animal."

Reading makes your child SMARTER, here's how to develope early reading skills

After you have reviewed a letter over several days or a week with your child, cover up the picture and make them say it without "cheating." You want to make sure you are really teaching them the phonics sounds and that they are associating the sound with the letter symbol and not just looking at the picture for help.

The next step is to Review, Review, Review as you continue to teach new phonics sounds to your child. You don't want all your hard work to go to waste, so you need to review the phonics sounds you have already taught - ideally every day. I know that won't always be possible, so just make your best effort to review the phonics you have already taught as much as you can until your child definitely knows them.

As soon as they have mastered enough sounds to begin reading short words, get them reading! Children love to be able to read by themselves! Even if it is only short single vowel words at first!

Now, children learn to read by reading. That sounds like common sense, but there are so many programs out there that NEVER have the child reading out of a book! I know it sounds crazy, but it's true! I love the idea of a child being taught phonics by reading a real book that he/she wants to read and is excited about reading! Instead, so many programs have children reading boring sentences out of a work book with non-existent or poorly drawn pictures and boring story lines! No wonder you may have a child who is not motivate to learn to read!

So basically how to teach phonics boils down to some flash cards, a little patience, and some wonderful children's books on your child's reading level. What better gift to give your child than a love for reading!

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When reading to your child, read slowly, and point to the words that you are reading to help the child make a connection between the word your are saying and the word you are reading. Always remember that reading should be a fun and enjoyable activity for your children, and it should never feel like a "chore" for them. Click here to help your child learn to read

Author's Bio: 

Now you can teach your child to read and make him or her develop critical, foundational reading skills that puts them years ahead of other children....even if they are having difficulties at learning to read! Visit Techniques for Teaching Reading

The first few years of life are the most important and critical for the development of literacy skills, and having a literacy-rich environment at home will ensure your child becomes a successful reader. Aside from reading to your child, specific instructions and teaching must be used to teach your child to read. For a simple, step-by-step program that will help you teach your child to read, visit Best Way to Teach Reading

Reading Makes Your Child Smarter, and Your Child Misses a GOLDEN Opportunity, If You Do Not Teach Your Child to Read Now. Discuss your child's reading problems on our forum. We can help you easily teach your child to read! Go to: Reading Forum