Ophthalmology is a lot more than a specialist topic, just because most people know hardly anything about how best to look after their eyes and how to identify when there is a problem. So little is known about Ophthalmology because the eyes are one of the most sensitive parts of the body and most people feel squeamish about even touching their eyes with contact lenses. So to give you a deeper understanding of ophthalmology the experts at eyesite.org have compiled some basic information to give you a better understanding of your eye and any potential eye diseases to look out for:

Many locations play host to a diverse range of surgeries. A lot of specialist eye treatment clinics are based in large cities like London, Glasgow and Birmingham. If you are searching for eye surgery close by then laser eye surgery in London could be for you. Due to their excellent reputation, the clinics will have long waiting lists that you can be added to. An advantage of this means that the clinic staff are vastly experienced. In some cases, they can even be affiliated with licensed opticians hence a sensible idea could be to ask your own optician for their honest assessment before contacting an eye surgeon.

A cornea transplant takes places when a cornea becomes damaged or diseased. For instance, if a person develops fuchs dystrophy (a slow progressing corneal disease that affects both eyes) or Keratoconus (a degenerative disorder that affects the shape of the cornea, making it more conical than curved) then a cornea transplant may be required. A cornea transplant is where the damaged part of the cornea is replaced by donated corneal tissue to restore the eye back to full health - the graft coming from a donor who has just passed away. cornea transplants or keratoconus surgery are often the final option for corneal diseases - in the vast majority of cases, the conditions can be easily treated by simply wearing corrective lenses.

Macular degeneration is a painless condition which leads to a gradual loss of vision in the macula (the centre of the visual field) due to damage to the retina. As the disease progresses you'll find that vision can become impaired, particularly when trying to read or recognise faces. It takes two forms, dry (nonexudative) and wet (exudative). The former is caused when cellular debris accumulates behind the retina, whilst wet macular degeneration is regarded as more serious and is caused by an abnormal growth of blood vessels behind the retina. As the progression of the disease can often be slowed by a range of treatments surgery of eye is never the first option for someone who suffers from macular degeneration.

Despite the facts that many believe cataracts to be a condition that only affects the elderly, it does affect children and young people too. Known as congenital cataracts in the medical field, these cataracts develop before birth or just after. The main feature of the condition includes the clouding of the eye, which can range from milder cases to entire opacity. Near-sightedness (myopia) is one clear symptom as well as the slow yellowing of the lens and difficulty in seeing the colour blue. A cataract operation or cataract surgery are two treatment options. If it is not treated loss of vision and, in the worst case scenario, blindness can develop. In seniors the condition causes swelling and shrinkage of the lens.

Lasik eye surgery, a form of refractive surgery, is used for correcting myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. This type of surgery is a clever alternative to wearing glasses and lenses, which many people do not like to wear everyday. In certain aspects the procedure is similar to other corrective surgical alternatives such as photo-refractive keratectomy and refractive surgery, making it a common answer to solving bad eye sight. The cornea is remodelled and its curvature is reshaped during the procedure. There is a chance that the eye will reject the surgery and gradually return to its former condition but other side effects are relatively low.

By reading the descriptions above you should now have a better understanding of your eye and how to spot a range of eye afflictions and diseases.

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