Developmentally Ready
Preschoolers’ literacy development is characteristically speedy, and the rapid growth of skills needed for autonomous reading later on continues beyond this stage. Though preschoolers develop in various ways, at differing times, by age five, children naturally:
• Show interest in books and reading.
•Label objects in pictures.
•Understand that words on a page have sense.
•Follow the series of a story.
•Understand that events, feelings, and objects in books are associated to real life.
•Rhyme and remember recognizable nursery rhymes.
Still, preschoolers may not want to sit still for long to listen to a story and may rather listen while playing or drawing. This is typical, as is the wish of preschoolers to talk during the course of listening to a book. On the other hand, if a kid appears to have trouble hearing, speaking, or seeing, do seek or propose professional help.
Read, Talk, and Play
The rising literacy of preschoolers flourishes in a joyful, fun ambiance in which a love of books and reading is part of the daily experience. Here’s how nursery teacher training course advises us to foster that development.
A. Read Aloud
Providing optimistic, pleasant reading experiences give young kids opportunities to gain the knowledge, alertness, skills, and love of learning that they need to later learn to read autonomously. Here’s how you can best provide those experiences:
•Remind preschoolers how books work. Show them how to read words from left to right and text from top to bottom on the page, and other book fundamentals. Give preschoolers opportunities to practice finding the cover, turning pages, etc.
•Move your finger along the vocabulary as you read to help kids connect the text on the page to the story or information they are hearing.
•Stop reading from time to time to talk about the story or information, and ask questions; promote preschoolers to make a guess about what will happen next.
•seldom, pull out a wordless book or a common story, and invite preschoolers to “read” it.
•Read aloud frequently and regularly. Look for opportunities to read books, but also, signs, posters, letters, food labels, billboards, and more. When an
adult models reading in everyday life, it shows kids that reading is distinctive and helps them consider that they can do it, too.
B. Talk and Listen
Talking and listening helps kids build vocabulary, learn about a wide range of topics, and achieve vital language skills. “Use your words” is often said to preschoolers, but it is conversation and being heard that shows kids the reason why. Words are powerful, have great importance, and can help you get what you want. You can promote kid’s vocabulary progress with the following suggestions suggested by early childhood education :
•Find complete time to talk and listen to a kid in person every day. More significant than correctness are the opportunities to perform using words and experiment with expression.
•Talk about most all you do in a day. Help kids name objects, feelings, and describe events. Point out letters, numbers, or common words, and ask kids to point them out to you when they notice them.
•Watch for opportunities to draw a kid into a conversation. Some kids may be more open to talking at a particular time or day, during a snack or mealtime, or while playing, etc. evade forcing a kid to have a talk.
•Help kids understand the sounds and meanings of spoken words and that words are made up of parts that can be taken apart and put back together.
C. Play
Preschoolers learn and perform new skills through play and then find joy in learning. In general, watch for opportunities to sing, rhyme, play with words and letters, and help kids practice listening and speaking. Use theatrical play to help kids practice and try out with language in a multiplicity of ways. Add maps, catalogs, brochures, food containers, and other print materials to the play area to offer more coverage to print and its uses. To extend the reading experience, follow up reading with one or two activities related to the book. Make up your own play ideas from your favorite books, or start here with a great new book for preschoolers and an action to go with it.

Author's Bio: 

Lizzie Milan holds Master’s in Psychology Degree. She was working as supervisor in teachers training institute.
Currently, she is working as course co-ordinator for diploma in early childhood education (ecce) & nursery teacher training (ntt) courses since last 20 years