Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at higher risk of having several other polycystic ovarian syndrome diseases, out of which some of them are serious.
Insulin Resistance
Too much glucose and insulin in the blood can cause serious health problems, including metabolic syndrome (that causes excessive weight gain or lean PCOS syndrome) and type 2 diabetes.
Obesity is a polycystic ovarian syndrome chronic condition in which the body stocks excessive fat than a normal healthy person's body type and height. Obesity can also lead to imbalanced hormone levels, increased fat in the body because of higher insulin levels, metabolic dysfunction (problems with how the body stores and uses energy), or a combination of these factors in women with PCOS. The majority of the women who have PCOS are obese.
• Obesity is a major cause of serious health conditions, like diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure.
Type 2 diabetes
• Diabetes leads to serious harm to the kidneys and can also be the major cause of blindness, nerve damage, and hearing loss.
• The risk for heart disease and high blood pressure increases with diabetes.
• Women with PCOS will have either have prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance) or type 2 diabetes before their early 40s
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs in people with narrow airways during sleep. When people sleep, the muscles relax and keep the airway open. In obstructive sleep apnea, the relaxed muscles block the airway, which is why it closes or gets narrowed for a short time. Therefore, breathing stops for several seconds and when the person starts breathing again, there will be a snorting or choking sound.
• Sleep apnea doubles the risk of heart attack, obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
• The issue of obstructive sleep apnea is higher in women with PCOS. It is, even more, risker in PCOS women who are obese.
Mood Disorders
Condition of mood swing is a very common disorder in women with PCOS like depression or anxiety, or to always feel hungry or (binge eating). Certain peculiarities of PCOS may add a lot more risk of mood disorders in women with PCOS. For example:
• Abnormal levels of male hormones and other mood disorders hormones.
• Mood disorders are linked to obesity. Researchers believe that the risk of mood disorders increases in women with PCOS who are obese too.
Inflammation is a natural response to infection or injury that happens to the body. Though, inflammation is also linked to some of the serious conditions, like clotted or thickened arteries (it increases the risk of heart attack and stroke). Researchers suggest that women with PCOS undergo a long-term, low-level inflammation. Though, it is not crystal clear whether inflammation leads to obesity and metabolic dysfunction or not. As these health disorders are independent in themselves and are common among women with PCOS. There is ongoing research happing to get a solution to these questions. It should help doctors to know the actual cause of inflammation in women with PCOS.

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