Apart from any specific behavioral or emotional difficulties, people with head injuries or acquired brain injuries typically go through a number of emotional changes as they adapt to their new circumstances. In the immediate aftermath of their injuries, patients commonly experience a great deal of confusion, as well as an agitation with their unfamiliar internal and external environment. The struggle to deal with such a profoundly altered situation and brain injury symptoms may cause even the most mild-tempered person to lash out physically at those nearby. In most cases, this confused state will diminish or disappear entirely within anywhere from days to months.

Brain-injured people also frequently develop an attitude of denial toward their situation. Sometimes, this denial manifests in people who have undiagnosed problems in the aftermath of an accident. At other times, it manifests in people with diagnosed cases of brain damage. While denial has a strong emotional component, it can also reflect a true inability to recognize the fact that something's wrong. For instance, some forms of brain trauma limit self-awareness and the ability to notice changes in perception. In addition, undamaged portions of the brain can contribute to this problem by following automatic routines that effectively "hide" the presence of serious malfunctions.

Usually, blanket denial eventually gives way to a mixed state of anger and depression. Bursts of anger, in particular, can stem from actual physical changes inside the brain that reduce normal levels of emotional control. However, anger and depression can also stem from a recognition of changed circumstances and a feeling of helplessness about remedying those circumstances. In some cases, brain-injured people blame themselves for what's happened to them; this is especially true for those involved in risky behaviors such as drinking and driving. In other cases, people with brain injuries blame another person who caused their accident, or blame some larger, unknowable force or fate.

Behavioral problems commonly associated with acquired brain injury or more generally head injured can include violence or other forms of aggression, failure to comply with prompts or requests, diminished self-awareness, diminished self-control, inappropriate behavior, egocentric or childlike behavior and an unwillingness to take responsibility for one's actions. Common emotional problems include anger, confusion, depression, mood swings, apathy, agitation, frustration, paranoia, irritability and anxiety. In some cases, combined emotional and behavioral problems grow severe enough to warrant a diagnosis of a condition called borderline personality disorder.

People with even mild or moderate brain damage commonly experience disruptions in their normal ability to remember, think and reason. People with more severe forms of damage may have extensive problems in these areas, as well as problems expressing themselves, understanding what's being said to them and processing information from any or all of the five senses. Most people who suffer traumatic brain injuries also have significant psychiatric problems that manifest as changes in their behavior or emotional state.

Some people remain more or less permanently angry and/or depressed in the aftermath of their injuries. However, others improve through rehabilitation and start to test the limits of their returning mental and motor skills. While this testing is vital for maximizing the potential for recovery, it can also lead to its own denial or sense of frustration as patients with significant remaining problems seek to gloss over those problems and focus only on their successes. For example, a person with diminished levels of energy may decide to ignore this problem and attempt to get a lot of things done in a relatively short period of time. In turn, this overexertion can result in fatigue that lingers for days and leaves the person feeling like a "failure." Unnecessary feelings of failure can also set in if a brain-injured patient has unrealistic expectations about the pace of rehabilitation and doesn't reach a self-directed goal or milestone in a certain amount of time.

In some cases, people with brain injuries eventually come to accept their limitations, brain injury symptoms and the pace of their rehabilitation. For those with temporary problems, this can mean dealing with short-term difficulties on the way to a full recovery. However, for those with permanent impairments, it means making ongoing adjustments to a new reality and learning how to regain a sense of self that will sustain them in the future. On a physical level, this type of adjustment involves working within the known capabilities of the body. On an emotional level, it can involve forging new relationships with friends, family and acquaintances, as well as forging a new internal self-image.

Author's Bio: 

Helping families and loved ones understand care after a brain injury and assisting the injured in rehabilitation and safety is a passion of the author , Leon Edward who has spent decades successfully living with effects as hemiparesis after traumatic brain injury being shot in the head and neck.

Read more from the Author Leon Edward at his website and blog TBILiving.com or book co written with Dr Anum Khan, "Concussion, Traumatic Brain Injury, Mild TBI Ultimate Rehabilitation Guide, Click Here

About the book's co-authors Leon Edward and Dr. Anum Khan

For Leon Edward, the past 35 years since the tbi left one lingering desire: the need to give something back, a way to provide something meaningful for the families and loved ones of patients who now, or in the future, will face the same painful disruption of their lives and the same long journey he had to undertake such a long time ago.“I want to be clear in the introduction that I am not a health professional as my co author Dr. Khan , but rather an engineer that has had a tbi" - Leon Edward

This book was written by one deeply caring brother for his brothers and sisters suffering the same or even a worse fate after surviving traumatic brain injuries – and with deep admiration and appreciation for their families and caretakers who will help to guide them.

For Leon it has become an ingrained part of his existence to help others enjoy life after suffering serious injuries, even if it only means that he can help others who are disabled or living alone with words of hope, encouragement of inspiration.

Dr. Anum Khan enjoys crafting health content that genuinely helps the readers in a practical and insightful way. She believes that a healthy life is everyone’s true right, and it must be taught in an easy and effective manner using the most authentic information and relatable voice.

Their book comes with the same intent: To help sufferers, families and professionals learn more about TBI with a holistic approach, and to equip them with all the knowledge they will need on this journey.

Click Here for a paperback or ebook or to read free with kindle unlimited .

And Review a copy of author's book,Hemiparesis Living After Stroke or TBI, Understanding and Care: Focus on Safety and Home Care , Rehabilitation for living with : One Side Partial Paralysis or Muscle Weakness, Footdrop or Spasticity … , Rehabilitation exercises,, Hemiparesis Living on Amazon , Click Here .

Receive FREE a Special Report for Head Injured and Caretakers which Reveals MUST KNOW patient and caregiver resources, potential symptoms, behavioral and emotional consequences, steps in rehabilitation, creating a beneficial home environment, brain injury medications, long-term outlook, and more, Click Here