It is not only women's matter for fertility, but men also play a significant role. Sperm morphology or sperm size and shape are essential determinants of male reproductive health quality. People can observe sperm morphology under microscope magnification, and abnormal sperm can be clearly found in the process of observation. So at this time, men must understand the leading causes of sperm abnormalities.
So what are the five kinds of sperm abnormalities in daily life? Give you a detailed introduction.

What is sperm abnormality?

Sperm abnormality is a morphological change, including one or both size and shape factors. The study of sperm morphology is an essential factor in evaluating male infertility. The results of sperm morphology are reported as the percentage of normal sperm in semen microscopic examination.

When the sperm has abnormal conditions such as a large head, non-round head, non-straight tail, and double tail, it is difficult to penetrate the egg and affect the pregnancy process.

The statistical results showed that when semen was examined in the laboratory, the percentage of abnormal sperm in male semen samples was 4-10% higher than that of normal sperm.

Five common sperm abnormalities

1. Azoospermia

Azoospermia is the absence of sperm during ejaculation. It is severe male infertility. This condition can not be identified by physical examination but is mainly diagnosed by the results of semen analysis.

The causes of azoospermia include obstructive and non-obstructive causes. Specifically, it can be caused by congenital disabilities in male reproductive organs, genetic diseases, duct obstruction, hormonal disorders, and orchitis caused by mumps.

2. Oligozoospermia

Oligozoospermia is a disease in which the number of sperm is lower than the average level, with different degrees, such as mild, moderate, or severe. Usually, when the number of sperm is low, there will be other problems related to sperm health. Specifically, there is a problem with the motility of sperm, and its shape is abnormal.

3. Low sperm motility (asthenospermia)

Low sperm motility or low sperm quantity refers to the abnormal motility of most sperm, which is also an abnormal form of sperm. Normal sperm must move along a straight line or circle.

Low sperm motility is usually related to the low number of sperm. The reasons affecting sperm motility may be poor health, insufficient nutrition, side effects of drugs, exposure to toxins, unhealthy lifestyle, etc.

According to the World Health Organization (who), the total number of motile sperm indicates male fertility. The results published in 2015 showed that men with less than 5 million motile sperm were considered severe male infertility; On average, 50-20 million sperm are considered infertile, and more than 20 million motile sperm are considered normal.

Sperm necrosis or spermatozoa filled with pus are rare causes of male infertility. All sperm die. At present, the cause of sperm necrosis is unclear and very rare.

4. Abnormal spermatozoa

When men have irregular sperm shape, it is called abnormal spermatozoa. Normal sperm will have an oval head and a long tail. Abnormal sperm may have strange head shapes, extra heads, or tails.

Shape affects sperm motility. Therefore, when the sperm morphology is abnormal, the motility will also be reduced, affecting fertility. The most common cause of teratogenesis is heredity.

5. Spermatorrhea

Sperm necrosis or sperm-filled with pus is a rare cause of male infertility. All sperm die. At present, the cause of sperm necrosis is unclear and very rare.

When male patients have sperm abnormalities, they should go to the hospital immediately, improve relevant examinations to clarify the cause of sperm abnormalities, and then give symptomatic treatment in combination with the specific reason.

Select sensitive antibiotics for active anti-inflammatory treatment if sperm abnormalities are caused by acute orchitis, epididymitis, and other related diseases. Men can also choose natural medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill for treatment. Sexual life is prohibited during treatment, and sufficient time is given to the testis to restore its normal function to improve the quality of sperm.

Many men believe that semen abnormalities only impact fertility. It is not the case. Abnormal sperm can cause many problems.
Lead to the woman's abortion: if the male sperm is abnormal, after combining with the egg to form a fertilized egg, the formed embryo cannot develop normally, and it is also easy to cause abortion.

Inflammation: abnormal sperm in men can easily cause mutual infection of men's reproductive and urinary systems and then induce inflammation in the testis, epididymis, and other parts.

It is not conducive to the development of the fetus: if the sperm is abnormal, even if it is pregnant, the fetus is not normal, which is not conducive to the average growth and development of the fetus. Therefore, before pregnancy, both husband and wife should first undergo a pre-pregnancy examination to judge whether the sperm is normal.

Impact on sexual life: abnormal male sperm and semen will lead to male infertility, affecting the harmony of the family and leading to the family's failure.

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