Fitness and health have been closely related since it was first defined, because this sport implies good physical shape based on good health. The health status of people who practice various sports is always in the care of the instructors.

However, there are numerous sports that are quite spectacular, but practicing them exposes athletes to particular risks. These kinds of problems can even appear in amateur sports; There is, of course, a specific pathology for each sport. Since the body is prone to different health problems, one factor that can cause them is the volume and intensity of the workout. Running and running long distances are very popular forms of training. A common health problem in tennis is epcondylitis, or "the tennis player's elbow." Weight lifting can lead to varicose veins or high blood pressure.

Fitness tries to make each exercise useful for the health and aesthetics of the body. The recommended type of training is complex, which includes aerobic and anaerobic exercises.

While doing aerobic exercises, the body meets its need for oxygen during exertion. We are talking about all kinds of resistance efforts, such as running long distances, skiing, rowing, fast walking, swimming, cycling, skating, etc. The consequences of these efforts are visible, first of all, at the cardiovascular and pulmonary levels. . These types of exercises are the most effective to burn calories and that is why they can easily burn fat tissue, as long as they last more than 40-45 minutes without stopping. The energy support of these efforts comes from the fatty acids that are mobilized from the adipose tissue.

Anaerobic-type efforts are responsible for increasing strength and muscle mass and bone resistance. During this type of short, intense exertion, the body cannot meet the need for oxygen. What happens is the so-called 'oxygen duty', recovered in the breaks between efforts. The most typical example is rest between two sets of exercises designed to work the same muscle.

The effectiveness of physical training is closely related to your weekly practice. There is a minimum number of workouts required for visible effects.

For anaerobic (strength) type programs, experts say two workouts per week are required, each lasting 30 to 45 minutes. During these sessions, the entire body is trained all the time.

In the case of aerobic (resistance) training, its weekly frequency should be increased to three, each between 20 and 60 minutes.

Both types of training must continue uninterrupted for at least two to three months. After this period, a one-week active rest is recommended. At this time, the person should make lighter efforts, such as walking and gymnastics, in order to recover and relax.

Starting at this minimum frequency, any supplemental training will make progress faster as long as you avoid overtraining or excessive effort. Deciding the optimal number of workouts, their volume and intensity depends a lot on the particularities and possibilities of the person who practices the sport.

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Starting at this minimum frequency, any supplemental training will make progress faster as long as you avoid overtraining or excessive effort.