What is Rhinoplasty?
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Rhinoplasty also known as nose job or nose reshaping, Rhinoplasty is a surgery to restructure the nose. Rhinoplasty word comes from a Greek word 'Rhinos' which means nose and 'Plassein' means to shape. Also referred to as Nose Job, it is one of the most popularly known and widely practiced plastic surgery in India.

Who Needs It? /Candidature For Rhinoplasty

Who is the best candidate for Rhinoplasty ?

Every surgical procedure including plastic or cosmetic surgery involves certain risks. You should undergo a Rhinoplasty only if you have a medical requirement or you feel that the particular surgery will enhance your quality of life.

You shall be a good candidate for the Rhinoplasty if you are healthy, you have realistic expectations from the outcome of the surgery and you are aware of all the risks associated with the procedure.

You cannot consider undergoing a cosmetic surgery if you have serious health issues like diabetes, heart diseases, high blood pressure, bleeding disorders like haemophilia or depression.

You shall not be a good candidate for the Rhinoplasty if you smoke or drink too much alcohol.

Conditions/ Reasons You Might Need a Rhinoplasty

Generally, people who go for rhinoplasty are dissatisfied with their nose appearance and wish to improve the structure and aesthetic appearance. A lower percentage of rhinoplasty are patients who suffer from discomfort or breathing disorders due to improper structures or may have faced some nose injuries. A large percentage of candidates for rhinoplasty are in good health and are aware of the risks which come with surgery and have practical assumptions regarding the surgical outcomes.

People may have

Aesthetic Reasons
Medical Reasons

Aesthetic Appearance or Unsatisfactory aesthetic appearance (disproportion)
People feel embarrassed or uncomfortable for multiple reasons. Cosmetic nasal surgery is safe and efficient. It is an ancient art that is been practiced for years. Rhinoplasty can be used to customize the shape and size and entire appearance of the nose.

Read on to see if your reasons for considering rhinoplasty make you a good candidate.

Reason #1: You have always hated your nose
If you had been unsatisfied with the structure of your nose since childhood, in this case, you have abundant time to think about how and which a part of your nose you want to fix. Before opting for rhinoplasty one should take time to understand the gravity of the problem which one seeks to get resolved by rhinoplasty.

Reason #2: You want nasal reconstruction
Rhinoplasty is the suitable option for restoring the structure and the functioning of your nose if it had been injured and not healed perfectly. Reconstructive rhinoplasty can improve the aesthetic appearance and also solve breathing problems. The outcome of the surgery significantly depends on the severity and the complications of the injury to the nose, however, a skilled surgeon can get great results. Insurance may cover these kinds of reconstructive surgeries.

Reason #3: You want improvement, not perfection
This will allow the facial features to be in harmony.

Patients also ask surgeon during rhinoplasty to :

The bridge of their noses to be narrowed.
Their nostrils to be widened or narrowed.
Straighten a crooked nose.
The tip of their noses to be reshaped.
Make the nose symmetrical.
If you want to go through rhinoplasty to attain “perfect” nose, then you are most likely to experience disappointment post surgery. Rhinoplasty can give awesome results but one cannot keep unrealistic expectations.

Reason #4: You want a nose that improves your facial balance and fits your face
The nose has the ability to influence the entire look of the face. If you want to reshape your nose bigger, smaller, thinner, straighter, etc. for facial feature harmony, rhinoplasty is the perfect option to consider. However, if you want your nose to look or resemble any specific celebrity,it may or may not suit your appearance. Going for a custom look which can complement your face is a better option.

Medical Reasons You Might Need a Rhinoplasty
Breathing Difficulties or Obstructed airway
When you are facing difficulties in breathing due to deviation in septum or nostril collapse your physician will advise a suitable procedure to fix the issue. If you undergo rhinoplasty for breathing disorder it may also enhance your face.

Nasal Fractures or Broken Facial Bones
The facial structure can be damaged due to accidents. If the nose and facial bones get disturbed and require repair, in such cases rhinoplasty is the solution. A broken nose is at the time quite painful and may bleed to large extent at times. It may result in swelling which blocks normal breathing. A septal hematoma is a medical emergency as it may lead to severe infections and damage to the septum. Rhinoplasty can not only fix your nose but septal nasal repair can also repair the functions of the nose.

Cleft Lip or Palate
Your physician will advise a suitable surgical procedure in case you have problems like Cleft lip or Cleft palate

Rhinoplasty is a perfect solution for Cleft nasal deformity. Since it is a complicated medical operation which involves both nose and mouth structures, rhinoplasty will help correct the natural balance of the face. Cleft lip generally requires multiple rhinoplasty procedures to restructure the abnormality.

Rhinoplasty has a good success rate which helps people to completely solve the problem. Specifically, children who experience cleft lip in their early stage have a great possibility of nasal recovery and their nose can grow symmetrically.

Severe Facial Burns
Reconstructing the face after serious burns is a is extremely difficult as the entire tissue needs to be replaced carefully. When a person has suffered harsh damage to his face due to serious burns, a nose surgery can be an effective medical procedure. The objective of rhinoplasty is to eradicate functional impairment such as nasal blockage after the severe burns on the face. It is a critical medical procedure to establish the normal airway which allows the patient to live normally.

Sinus Problems
Sinus infections and sinusitis is one of the symptoms of a deviated septum. If ignored sinus infections can lead to chronic sinusitis which may head to genuine medical disorders.

Septoplasty is a type of rhinoplasty which is specifically for people suffering from chronic sinusitis due to the deviated nasal septum. This surgery repairs the nasal alignment by which the sinus works accurately.

Melanoma, other cancers
A person who gets melanoma on his nose have to do plastic surgery to restructure the form of the nose once the cancer is removed.

Nasal pathologies
Rhinophyma, haemangiomas or any other disease causing deformities of the nose

Failed primary rhinoplasty
Your surgeon may need to repeat rhinoplasty to improve results.

Shape of nose for male & female
Benefits Of Rhinoplasty

Besides tangible benefits which include functioning and aesthetic appearances rhinoplasty also influence emotional gains such as confidence and self –esteem of an individual. Most people who have the embarrassment of nasal deformity suffer through lack of confidence and low self-esteem.

PHYSICAL APPEARANCE:

Youthfulness
Ageing is a natural process which everyone goes through. Visible wrinkles, fine lines, blemishes are signs of ageing. Such skin flaws makes you look tired or aged. But with Rhinoplasty like suitable treatment one feels younger, healthier and rejuvenated.

Natural
Nowadays Rhinoplasty is gaining immense popularity because it produce results that blend extremely well with a patient's facial aesthetics. Soon after the surgery, one gets back to the desired or normal shape of a treated body part. One does not have to wait long to see the result, which is the beauty of cosmetic surgery.

IMPROVED PHYSICAL HEALTH:

Some cosmetic surgery procedures have double advantage; it will improve physical health as well as your looks.

For example, a rhinoplasty or nose job enhances the aesthetics of the nose and at the same time helps improve breathing and can potentially reduce sinus infections.

Breast reduction surgery, which is commonly requested by many women has benefits for not only improving aesthetic appearance and but also eliminates any physical and emotional discomfort which come along with it.

Some researchers also believe that removal of breast tissue in men can lower the risk of cancer in that tissue.

INCREASED CONFIDENCE AND ENHANCED MENTAL HEALTH:

Self Confidence is a tool that helps us face challenges and tackle problems in life, with great certainty. When you look good, you feel good which in turn increases your self confidence. It leads to greater willingness to try new things or open up in social situations. You become more willing and open to wearing certain clothes or participating in activities which you avoided prior to surgery, due to discomfort in your appearance.

Certain clinicians and psychologists feel, few corrections in your body parts, by cosmetic surgery can not only lead to emotional wellness but also enhanced mental health.

OTHER OPPORTUNITIES:

Studies do suggest that people that are more attractive benefit in their personal as well as professional lives.

Studies have also found, good looking people have a higher probability of getting promotions and making more salary.

A 2012 study published in Applied Financial Economics revealed that good looking real estate agents were able to sell properties at a higher price than agents that were average looking.

Rhinoplasty Procedure

In this process, the surgeon models the cartilage and bone of the nose reshaping and correcting it as needed to result in the patients intended look. With respect to technique, the nose job can be divided into open Rhinoplasty and closed Rhinoplasty. In open rhinoplasty, also referred to as external rhinoplasty, incisions are made to the columella (also called as trans-columellar incisions) to bridge the right and left nostril incisions, whereas in closed rhinoplasty, also referred to as endonasal rhinoplasty, the incisions are made within the nose.

People unsatisfied with their artistic/aesthetic appearance can opt for rhinoplasty which is a safe, effective and time-tested solution. When performed by skilled surgeons it can optimize the looks and features of an individual and improve one’s confidence

Before Rhinoplasty Surgery
After Rhinoplasty Surgery

Before & After Rhinoplasty Surgery
Rhinoplasty Alternatives

Dermal fillers can be considered as Non-Surgical Rhinoplasty Alternative. You need to ask Doctor about this.

ASSOCIATED RISKS:

Complications:

The potential for complications while performing surgery persist, just as for any other operation.

Pain is probably the most significant drawback of plastic surgery, and recovery times can be as long as six months in a few cases.

Some individuals may be at risk of severe reactions to anaesthesia or may develop health problems such as bleeding as a result of their surgery.

You need to discuss with Doctor regarding risks involved in the procedure.

Severe side effects:

Any surgical procedures carries a certain amount of risk, which may include excessive swelling, bruising or bleeding , wound becomes infected, delayed healing of wounds, numbness, breathing difficulties, unfavourable scarring, extrusion of implants or sutures, pain, and the need for revision of the surgery.

Worsened Self Image:

Cosmetic surgery is not necessarily a purely aesthetic choice few choose it out of low self esteem and depression. If this is the true intention behind the surgery, than you will most probably never feel better after surgery because the underlying problems will still be unresolved.

All in all, however, if complications are few and the benefits far outweigh the risks then Cosmetic Surgery is a procedure that can change your life for the better.

Preparing For Rhinoplasty

If you are considering Rhinoplasty, it is important to take the time to determine why you want the surgery in the first place. If you have a medical need, or if you truly feel that reshaping your nose will improve your quality of life, then you are a good candidate if you meet the aforementioned criteria.

While some people think that Rhinoplasty is just a cosmetic procedure, it is in fact a medical procedure required for some people. Rhinoplasty is done, not just to enhance your appearance but to also contribute to your overall health. Although having a Rhinoplasty is common for Hollywood and bollywood celebrities and those who work in the limelight, certain life circumstances can force you to go under the knife. Here are some medically-necessary reasons that require you to have Rhinoplasty .

Appropriate Consultation

The most appropriate way to consider your competency for any kind of plastic surgery is to schedule an appointment with a proficient surgeon.

During the first encounter the doctor will try to understand why you feel the need to have a surgery and also what are your expectations from the outcome of the surgery.

The physician will evaluate your medical history; inquire about your current medication and medical condition. He should also be aware of everything you take, including vitamin supplements or herbal products since they might interfere with other medicines used during surgery. The surgeon might ask you to perform blood tests and a few general lab tests to monitor your current health status.

The surgeon will perform a physical exam, to have a close look at the skin,associated muscles and bones, their quality and the kind of changes that can be made. Surgeon might also suggest an additional surgery which will enhance or compliment your look.

And last but not the least; the physician will assess your mental fitness to check whether you are ready to undergo the surgery.

RECOVERY TIME

Recovery is basically the time required to get back to a relatively normal routine.

Patients who wish to undergo a cosmetic surgery must plan for time off to heal and to be comfortable being seen in public.

The healing time can vary from person to person and will also depend on the type of surgery to be performed.

It can take up to two - three weeks to return to work and perform everyday activities. After consulting with the doctor, People can utilise this time to go on a vacation or nurture themselves.

THE OUTCOME:

Sometimes the Rhinoplasty doesn't produce the results the patient imagines. This gap between imagination and reality may frustrate patient.

Expecting unrealistic results, like the surgery will make you look like a Hollywood or Bollywood star and automatically solve all of your problems, can be a significant drawback to having cosmetic procedures.

To have a better experience, it is extremely important to consult a qualified doctor before planning the surgery and develop a rational idea of what the end result will look like.

AFTER EFFECTS OF SURGERY

Pain:

There are chances of having mild to moderate pain and discomfort post surgery. The pain can be easily regulated with oral medications.

The distress and pain should reduce within 72 hours after surgery. A reasonable increase in pain post 72 hours should prompt you to contact the doctor.

Swelling:

Swelling can differ from patient to patient. It might increase during first three to four days before subsiding.

Things that can be done to reduce swelling include keeping the head elevated as much as possible; avoid bending over or lifting heavy objects.

Prolonged sun exposure should also be avoided for the initial two to three months.

Discoloration

Most bruising and discoloration resolve within the first two to three weeks. Make up can be applied to cover up the discolouration when been seen in public.

Numbness

The body part that undergoes the surgery can be numb for few days. The feeling of numbness is normal and shall reduce over upcoming weeks. Unusual sensations and moderate discomfort can persist while the nerves are regenerating over time.

Bleeding

Sometimes bleeding can occur, post surgery. You can lie down with your head elevated but if the bleeding still persists at this point, it would be advisable to consult your doctor.

Depression

It is perfectly alright for patients to go through a period of mild depression after the cosmetic surgery as after some days or weeks which depends on surgery, patients generally becomes anxious and expects the results when swelling and bruising still persists. But the patient should realize that it is a temporary condition and things are bound to improve over a period of time.

Post Surgery Do’s And Don'ts

Ask your doctor for better and suitable guidelines. Following are the general instructions which should help you get the best results from your surgery.

Post Surgery do’s and don’ts:

No vigorous exercise, contact sports and running for minimum of two weeks.

No lifting heavy objects for at least 3 weeks.

Avoid pullover clothing for two weeks especially if you have undergone a face surgery.

Bypass hard chewing foods for a few days.

Avoid yawning and wide mouth opening for two to three weeks.

Avoid nose blowing or sniffing through the nose especially after rhinoplasty or nose job.

Avoid driving a vehicle for a few days after surgery.

No swimming for at least two weeks after surgery.

Avoid laughing, smiling, or other facial expressions that need a lot of movement.

Use a soft bristle toothbrush to brush your teeth.

Prefer using a mild soap and shampoo while taking a shower.

It is essential to maintain the tape and cover on the surgery to keep it dry. Once the doctor advises to remove the tape you can to gently wash your surgery area twice a day to help reduce oiliness.

You should be prompt enough to contact the doctor immediately, for any signs of bleeding that persist for more than ten minutes, infections, redness, swelling, fever, pain etc.

EXERCISING AFTER RHINOPLASTY

After cosmetic surgery many patients asks about post surgery exercise or when can they resume their gym activity. Patients needs to understand that, its extremely crucial to give enough time for proper healing of your body, for eg strain on muscles, excessive sweating, stretching of the skin etc. can delay the recovery.

You need to consult your doctor about

How soon you can start exercising?

What type of exercise?

How much time?

Don't start exercise without asking your doctor and follow guidelines given by your doctor as for complete healing, body needs time, and you need enough energy level for your routine and gym.

Seek Medical Help

CALL THE OFFICE PROMPTLY IF YOU NOTICE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:

Development of a temperature elevation exceeding 100 degrees.

An unusual amount of bleeding from the surgery area

Significant reinjury of the surgery area

A significant increase in pain even after taking your prescribed medication

In such situations, we expect you to call to the clinic even after office hour, Please do not hesitate to call us or present yourself to the emergency section of the clinic for evaluation.

Author's Bio: 

Dhanwantari's Chrysalis is a Multi-Speciality Clinic in Ravet, Pune.
There are different type of services and treatments available like face surgeries, Breast Surgeries, liposuction, Gender change surgery, Laser treatments, Hair transplant, Breast Surgeries etc.

For more visit - https://www.dhanwantarischrysalis.com