Mental health refers to acquired behaviors that are socially adaptive and allow a person to cope adequately with his or her life. ' In other words, mental health is the interpretation of a person's condition in which he learns behaviors to cope with the need of society and to deal with the circumstances of his life. According to another psychologist Karl Meninger (1945) - 'Mental health is the adjustment made by humans towards the world and every other person with maximum happiness and effectiveness'. The famous scholars Harvidge and Scheid in their book 'Approach to Mental Health and Illness' In defining mental health, we have told that many dimensions are connected in it - self-respect, one's self: Powers of experience, Ability to maintain a meaningful and good relationship and psychological superiority. ' Giving its practical definition, PV Lucan writes that 'a mentally healthy person is one who is happy himself, lives peacefully with his neighbors, makes his children a healthy citizen and even after performing these basic duties in which so much power is left that society To do something in the interest of.

Psychologists view mental health

Observation and analysis of the views of some prominent psychologists in relation to mental health and the principles they propose help to understand mental health from the psychological point of view, the psychological vision of mental health is clear.

  1. Subjective view
  2. Pragmatic vision
  3. Humanistic vision
  4. Cognitive vision.

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Subjective view

Psychological vision considers mental health through the dynamics of personality. Keeping in view the dynamics of personality, three types of visions are prominent in this context -

  1. Psychoanalytic Vision - For example, if we consider the concept of mind and mental health in the personality theory of the famous psychoanalytic psychologist Sigmund Freud, we find that Freud has described the same person as a mentally healthy person in his life It is devoid of conflicts, worries, and minimal use of entertainments in its life. In other words, according to Freud, a person who is sufficiently able to reconcile adjustment through egoism between the desires of his mind and the decisions of the family is sufficiently mentally capable. It can be called healthy.
  2. Analytical view - On the other hand, according to the famous psychologist Karl Yuga, a person is not mentally healthy unless there is such a steady adjustment in all aspects of a person's personality so that his real self has the opportunity to emerge in consciousness. can go. Because until all aspects of personality are harmonized and they will not develop together in the proper proportion, then it is not possible to come out of the real soul buried within their existence. For this, Yung advocates personality analysis. Yung's division and the idea of personality is remarkable. They divide the personality broadly into an introvert and extrovert two parts. The introverted personality takes less interest in others and experiences the most satisfaction in autism. These people are soft-minded, thought oriented, They are imaginative and idealistic. Hence, these people are inclined towards inner life. In contrast, an extrovert person takes more interest in outside things and gets a more pleasant and satisfying experience in social events and situations. He is a pragmatist and a realist with a hard mind. In fact, there are no real boundaries between introversion and extrovert. In Yung's own words, 'each person has parts of introversion and extroversion, and the relative predominance of either of these two forms a personality type.' According to Yung, the person who has an inclination towards introverted and extroverted tendencies should be called a person walking on the axis of mental health. According to Karl Yung, in general, every person Half of the personality is male and half is female. That is, the tendencies of man and woman are found in every personality and harmony between these two types is necessary from the point of view of mental health.
  3. Personality view - According to another famous psychologist Adler who has proposed the theory of personal psychology, the more socially interested a person is, the more friends a person has and the more socially healthy a person are. it happens. Because such a person considers himself an integral part of society and does not have an inferiority complex. According to Adler, as long as there is a feeling of inferiority in the mind of the person, he is not able to become mentally healthy. To exclude the inferiority complex, a person should be social and he should be sufficiently creative to acquire the necessary skills for this.

Pragmatic vision

According to behavioral psychologists, a person's mental health is determined by his behavior. Watson, Pavlov, Skinner, etc. are prominent among behavioral psychologists. If a person's behavior is accommodated in all even-odd conditions of life, then the person is said to be mentally healthy, while if the behavior of the person is misadjusted, it is said to be mentally unhealthy. Adjustment or misadjustment of a person's behavior depends on his learning process and selection of right and wrong behavior. If a person has learned to behave appropriately under the correct learning process, he must be mentally healthy. If learned to behave under the wrong learning process, it will be called unhealthy. According to them, the environment has a great influence on the behavior of a person, In other words, the behavior of a person is determined by the interaction between the environment and the person. According to behaviorists, if every person gets the opportunity to learn the right behavior in the right environment, then he must be mentally healthy.

Humanistic vision

The concept of mental health has also been considered in humanistic terms. The psychologists of this approach include Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. According to them, every human has a natural tendency for his natural development. Also, every person's innate desire to express his talent and potential is present in a manifest or dormant form, it is a sign of his inner strength. As long as this natural tendency to make spontaneous development gets a chance to express itself properly then the person keeps on moving towards the positive development of his personality. If it continues uninterrupted then eventually A person becomes aware of all his talents and possibilities, in a way he becomes self-aware. In this form, the mental health of such a person will be said to be progressively progressing. On the other hand, if the instinctive tendency is blocked due to any reason, then the symptoms of mental illness begin to appear in the person.

Cognitive vision

This vision is one of the most recent psychological approaches to mental health. Psychologists of this ideology include Aaron T. Beck and Albert Ellis are prominent. According to them, the person whose thoughts are positive in every circumstance of life, who logically places beliefs in beliefs in his life. He is said to be mentally healthy. The mental well-being of a person depends on his mode of thinking. There are mainly three ways of contemplation: first, to look at every event of life in a positive way and second to observe each event of life in a negative way. Apart from this, there is a third method which is a real way of thinking in which a person analyzes every event that happens in life in a non-biased way, he does not have any undue inclination towards positive and negative aspects of life. Psychologists have considered this third method of thinking the best way. Apart from the above methods, there are other ways of thinking too, but they are related to the mental

Apart from the above psychological points of view, there are other approaches to mental health, such as mental health in terms of yoga, mental health in terms of Ayurveda. Being a student of Yoga subject, it is necessary to have knowledge of the compound vision of mental health, so mental health is being clarified in the compound vision in the front lines. First test your information with this practice question.

The above description shows that there are many factors affecting mental health. Mental health can be improved by controlling these factors.

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