Liposuction is among the most popular cosmetic surgery procedures now performed by plastic surgeons round the world. It has to be apparent at the beginning that liposuction isn't mainly a modality for weight reduction, it's supposed to be a body extraction process and so the inherent constraints and security problems associated with the always has to be respected if complications and unfavourable results must be avoided so much as you can.

Since the debut of liposuction several alterations are made to the initial idea to make it more effective and to decrease the prevalence of complications. The initial notion of eliminating extra fat from localised areas of the human body is attributed to Charles Dujarrier, who in 1921 tried to eliminate subcutaneous fat using a uterine curette in the knees and calf of a ballerina. [1,2] However, an accidental harm to the femoral vessels caused the amputation of the warrior's leg. This unfortunate complication naturally dampened attention and suppressed further advancement within this process for several decades.

Modern Surgery started with the method and tools of Giorgio Fischer and Arpad Fischer; that reported that the use of hollow instruments and suction devices for cleanliness in 1976. [2] Shortly afterwards, Pierre Fournier additional enhanced on this particular technique and urged that the'dry technique' for cleanliness. On the other hand, the widespread acceptance and prevalence of liposuction is because of Illouz who invented the'wet technique' for cleanliness and introduced the idea of"discontinuous dissection." It had been an Otolaryngologist-Julius Newman who used the expression'liposuction' in 1983. The next landmark was 1987, when Klein reported unprecedented security by means of'tumescent liposuction.' Back in 1989,'' Marco Gasparotti explained'superficial subdermal liposuction,' which allowed more successful skin retraction and therefore further widened the usefulness of the process.

Concomitant with the shift in surgical methods, newer devices were invented in an effort to enhance the ease and security of operation. [9] The latest addition was water-jet assisted operation; that was invented by Taufig at 2000. [10] With the arrival of newer technological improvements that the traditional'manually done' operation has become commonly known as suction assisted liposuction (SAL).

As stated previously, the principal aim of liposuction is to decrease fat deposits in certain localised areas and get the well-proportioned body shapes without a lot of down-time. Liposuction has evolved radically over nearly four years to become perhaps the most often performed cosmetic surgery procedure in the entire world. The growth of different strategies and equipment was clearly stimulated by the desire to lower the surgeon's bodily effort, to boost the efficiency and selectivity of the real elimination of fat while maintaining the fibrous tissue and neurovascular structure and also to minimise patient pain and distress. Although liposuction can be thought of as a safe procedure although the liposuction in Mumbai follows basic principles are always admired, many clinically published newspapers in addition to reports from the lay-press imply that it may have significant sequelae when that isn't followed.

This report intends to compile the potential unfavourable results of the most favoured cosmetic surgery process, intends to recognize the potential risk factors and causes of these issues and attempts to enlist specific and general guidelines to prevent pitfalls and to talk about the management of the complications. We've had a few of patients having local complications and a much smaller number of systemic complications. We've also had our share of disgruntled patients, but with experience we've managed to spot potentially difficult or issue patients using a good amount of precision.

Swelling or oedema is expected following virtually every surgical process as a normal response of the individual tissues to the true surgical injury of the cannula like the reaction of sterile inflammation which occurs after any injury [Figure 1]. This swelling will probably be evident within 24-48 h following the process and proceeds to slightly grow for the first 10-14 days. It's soft and somewhat tender with no substantial indications of inflammation. Afterward, as the remnants of this infiltrated fluid, serum and broken down fat are absorbed by the body, the swelling varies into some firm to woody consistency with minimal or no pain and distress by the conclusion of 2-3 months. From the end of 4 months, portions of those worked bloated areas begin to soften in spots until the whole region indicates a constant combing at the conclusion of 6-8 weeks. Based on the extensiveness of the worked area, the cells have a tendency to come back to a typical pliant sense by 3 weeks following the procedure. Paradoxically, brawny post-operative oedema with uncommon pain and distress persists past 6 months and based on Shiffman this could possibly be due to excessive injury to the cells resulting in an inner burn-like injury. [12] This may take a while to repay and might lead to improved scarring, fibrosis and frequently surface shape irregularities.

Author's Bio: 

Kriya Gupta based in Mumbai, has been writing for various healthcare units. She has been writing various blogs for the past two years on various social platforms. Her articles are mostly about health awareness. Her interest in forming a strong perception around topics which need awareness is responsible beyond many exceptional articles.