The word "Cavity" is well known to everyone. Probably nine out of ten people will be acquainted with this word or may already be dealing with it.

Even though learning about cavities isn't your favorite subject, becoming more knowledgeable about them might encourage you to maintain proper oral hygiene every day and schedule the dentist visits you've been putting off.

What exactly are cavities, and what do they truly do to your mouth?

A cavity is simply a hole or a space between your teeth. When acid wears away the coating of the tooth and leaves a hole in your teeth, it is known as tooth decay.

The numerous microorganisms in your mouth squander acid by producing it. These bacteria, known as streptococcus mutans, may ingest your meals and beverages, then exude into your mouth.

The targeted area will begin to erode owing to numerous acid attacks as discharged over time, causing a hole or cavity in your mouth since strong acids can dissolve the calcium layer of teeth.

How to recognize the symptoms of dental cavities

External tooth surfaces with dental decay frequently do not experience pain or other symptoms. You're more prone to issues as the decay penetrates the tissue and roots. Cavities can be identified by:

An unpleasant mouth feeling or poor breath.
Bleeding gums
Swelling of the face
Oral or dental discomfort
Sensitive teeth

Treatment of Cavities

The extent of tooth decay determines the course of treatment. Have a look at the several approaches that are now employed in the realm of dentistry.

Fillings: The most common and fundamental treatment for early-stage tooth decay that has not yet progressed to the tooth's root is a filling.
If a hole develops in a tooth, a dentist will drill out the decayed material and fill the gap with resin composites, gold, or silver amalgam.

Root canal therapy: This procedure relieves the pain brought on by root deterioration. The problem arises when the bacterium starts to harm the roots. The pulp, which contains nerve terminals that cause pain, is removed by dentists specialized in treating problems at a tooth's root.

Extraction of the tooth: In cases where a root canal procedure is not an option due to the tooth's extreme deterioration, your dentist may have to extract the tooth. However, one can use a dental implant to replace a permanently lost tooth.

How to guard against tooth decay?

Bacteria and the chemicals that form cavities can be eliminated by practicing good dental hygiene, which typically includes brushing and flossing. Practicing good oral and gum health entails:
Brush your teeth at least twice daily with fluoride-containing toothpaste, preferably immediately after each meal.
Limit the intake of starchy, sugary, and fatty foods and beverages.
Flossing every day to remove food and plaque accumulation in between teeth is essential.
Most professionals advise having a dental examination every six months or more frequently if you have concerns with gum disease.

Author's Bio: 

Contact Bothell Dental Clinic of Affordable Family Dentistry if you are experiencing any dental problems. With their exceptional dental care, the experts at Bothell Dental Clinic of Affordable Family Dentistry can assist you in ensuring the health and functionality of your teeth.