All pregnant women should know about the signs of miscarriage if they want to have a healthy and successful delivery. Miscarriage is the spontaneous termination of a pregnancy that typically happens with in the 1st-2nd trimester of pregnancy whereby the embryo can't survive by itself and this can happen to any pregnant woman. Pregnancy is broken down into three parts or trimesters and completes its cycle after approximately 40 weeks or 9 months more or less. A miscarriage is considered if the loss of the unborn baby takes place within the first to fifth month pregnancy or 20 weeks. If the loss of an unborn child happens after 20 weeks, it is known as a “still born”.

Miscarriage sometimes happens while the woman is not aware that she's expecting a child. Studies report that 15% of pregnant women who know they're pregnant goes through miscarriage. Before we proceed with the signs of miscarriage, we have to first understand its probable causes.

Usual Causes of Miscarriage

  • Being careless, or being accident or injury prone while pregnant;
  • Structural anomalies in the woman’s reproductive system that forbids the unborn infant from developing properly;
  • Structural abnormalities of chromosomes;
  • Premature dilation of weak cervix;
  • Infection of the uterus and fetal membranes that cause the untimely rupture of membranes, making the pregnant woman labors a lot earlier than normal;
  • Diagnosis of uterine fibroids or growths in the uterus that is non-cancerous;
  • Hormonal imbalances due to psychological problems, some endocrine disorders, as well as obesity;
  • Health-risky habits that causes damage to the body, including substance and alcohol abuse.
  • Autoimmune diseases causing the woman’s body to mistakenly think of the fetus as threat, and subsequently attack it;

Increased risk for:

  • - Women who had previous miscarriages (two or more);
  • - Women who excessively smoke
  • - Women with in their late 30’s (35 years old and above)
  • - Women with health problems such as systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes, thyroid problems and several autoimmune diseases
  • - Several autoimmune diseases, thyroid problems, diabetes, and systemic lupus erythematosus

Miscarriage and its Symptoms

If you know that you or someone you care about is expecting a baby, you need to be familiar with certain signs of miscarriage so that you can immediately seek assistance once it happens. Listed below are the warning signs you should be cautious about.

  • Vaginal bleeding or "spotting" and muscle cramps are one of the earliest signs of miscarriage
  • Contractions or spasms in the stomach region which range from light to moderate to severe
  • Low or absent fetal heartbeat
  • Movements of the fetus can no longer be felt
  • Unexplained loss of weight
  • Unknown fluid coming out of the vagina
  • Shortness of breath and other breathing problems
  • Small chunks of tissue or blood clots while bleeding
  • Absence of pregnancy symptoms like dizziness, tenderness of the breasts, morning sickness, and so forth;
  • Continuous discharge that is white or pink in color that happens for up to twenty minutes. Could be accommodated by painful contractions.

Although miscarriage is usually marked by pain in the abdomen abdominal pain should not be regarded as a foolproof sign of miscarriage. At times, women that are pregnant have abdominal pain but actually it's not on account of miscarriage but rather, to some other underlying condition. On the other hand, there are some instances when that a pregnant woman is already having miscarriage and yet doesn't sense any discomfort or cramping

Testing for miscarriage is really important. Being medically tested will verify whatever problem you are in. One of the most convincing signs of miscarriage is when the woman’s hCG levels have gone down.

In case you have symptoms of breaking out in fever, cramping for a long period of time, having abdominal pain and having a weird-smelling vaginal discharge, uterine infection is very probable. This is what's called septic miscarriage.

As a way to avoid miscarriage, a frequent or regular visit to an OB-GYNE is advised. Having a healthy diet, keeping away from unhealthy substances including alcoholic beverages and certain medications regular exercise and maintaining a healthy and appropriate weight are a few of the effective ways to reduce the risk of miscarriage.

The previously listed signs of miscarriage should be treated as only as symptoms but not as sure fact. This list should be used as a general guide in order for the pregnant woman as well as the people around her to be more mindful of what is happening. However, be sure you visit a doctor without delay and seek assistance the instant you go through these signs of miscarriage.

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