Cryptocurrency mining is the process during which transactions are validated and added to a blockchain public ledger. The concept of mining lies at the core of cryptocurrencies, which means that cryptocurrencies are not even able to exist without mining.
Mining pool allows miners to connect to the network, mine bitcoins or any other cryptocurrencies, and then get down to distributing the profit.
As a matter of fact, crypto mining involves two essential functions — launching new cryptocurrency into the system as well as validating and adding transactions to the blockchain public ledger. It is carried out with the help of an internet-connected computer that is equipped with some special mining pool software and hardware devices that enable miners to manage the mining process.
Cryptocurrency mining is considered to be a complicated process that needs high processing power and high electricity consumption. The miner who is the first to solve the tricky puzzle gets to place another block on a blockchain, and can then get the rewards.
The cryptocurrency discovery process is structured in such a way that if a bigger number if miners are working, the difficulty level rises, whereas a decline in miners’ number eases the difficulty level. Besides, it is worth noting that it is always not only expensive but also impractical to play individually. However, the more miners are attempting to participate in the mining procedure, the more challenging and tense the game becomes.
A mining pool itself performs as a coordinator for miners. It deals with the pool members’ hashes, looks for various rewards through pooled efforts of available processing power, keeps record of the work performed by each pool member and assigns reward shares to all pool members in accordance with the work done after suitable verification. Besides, the pool may charge fees from miners.
Tasks to all pool members can be assigned in two different ways. The traditional method implies allocating a work unit to members, which should involve a certain range of nonce, the number that blockchain miners are competing for. When the miner completes the task on the allocated range, they submit a request for a new task to be assigned.
A second mining method enables pool members to choose themselves how much work they are willing to do without any assignment from the pool. This approach helps ensure that two members will not take one and the same range.

Once the block has been successfully identified, a miner can get a reward for the pool, which is shared according to the pool shares mechanism. These shares report how much work a particular member’s computer is contributing to the mining pool.
Basically, there are two kinds of shares — accepted and rejected. As far as accepted shares are concerned, they imply that the work that has been done by a pool member is greatly contributing to the discovery of new cryptocoins, and they get rewarded afterwards.
Rejected shares mean that the work does not contribute to a blockchain discovery. Therefore, they are not paid for. Even if a member’s computer successfully completes the task but fails to submit it on time for a particular block, it is considered rejected work.
Members get rewards based on the accepted shares. There are the following rewarding methods: pay-per share (PPS), proportional (PROP), shared Maximum Pay Per Share (SMPPS), and equalized Shared Maximum Pay Per Share (ESMPPS).
To get a better understanding of how mining pools function, you can always turn to either blockchain developers or blockchain consultants for help. They will provide you with the details needed, and you will be able to become a miner yourself.
By and large, mining is becoming increasingly popular, and more and more people are eager to engage in this process. Yet, it is more advisable to consider joining a mining pool which enables participants to gain high-probability limited profits, instead of low-probability high profits.

Author's Bio: 

I am a computer science professor. Being a tech enthusiast I keep close tabs on trends and will be glad to share and discuss the latest wrapups in the field with the community.