Over the years more and more people are getting diabetes and this number reached new high, approximately 29.1 million people (9.3% of the population) in the USA. Another 86 million people even haven’t realized that they have prediabetes. The annual cost for diabetes is incredibly expensive and was estimated to be 245 billion dollars in 2012 alone.

Diabetes is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. While the level of sugar in the blood is controlled by insulin, a hormone, produced by the pancreas. Generally speaking, diabetes is caused by insufficient production of insulin, or an improper use of insulin in the body.

For a long time drugs are developed and prescribed by doctors to treat type 2 diabetes. Among them, lixisenatide and liraglutide have been widely used clinically. Lixisenatide is a potent GLP-1 receptor agonist that could be used as an add-on treatment for type 2 diabetes. Liraglutide, marketed under the brand name Victoza, is an injectable drug developed for treating type 2 diabetes.

Despite the fact that drug therapy are often proved to work effectively in treating various disease, the side effects brought by should also be carefully considered. That’ why recently more and more people are exploring appropriate diets to ease or lessen the symptoms of diabetes. Last year, scientists from Lund University, Sweden, found in a human trial that an Old Stone Age (Paleolithic) diet could help people with type 2 diabetes to manage their carbohydrate consumption much better.

Based on the fact that early ancestors didn’t consume any agricultural products with fish, nuts, vegetables and fruit as their food source instead, researchers carried out an experiment. They found 29 volunteers and divide them into two groups. All volunteers suffered from type 2 diabetes, or more specifically, glucose intolerance. One group of 14 consumed a Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) diet, while the other group of 15 consumed a Mediterranean diet - both groups kept the diet for three months. After three months, researchers compared the results and found that rise in blood sugar among the Paleolithic group after consuming carbohydrate was significantly lower, and very surprisingly, blood glucose of all participants were back to normal. While for Mediterranean group, no obvious change was detected -- rise in blood sugar after consuming carbohydrates remained pretty much the same.

So for those with type 2 diabetes, you may try the Paleolithic diet and achieve effects never imagined. Don’t only look at calorie intake anymore.

Appropriate intake of fructose is beneficial to people with diabetes
It is traditionally viewed that people with diabetes should stay away from foods that contains too much sugar. However, according to the French health magazine TOP SANTE, a new study in Canada shows that although fructose-added foods increase the health risks of diabetic patients, natural fructose intake helps maintain blood sugar levels.

Researchers say there is much controversy about the role of sugar in the development of diabetes and heart disease, but results of the analysis showed that fruits and vegetables were beneficial for the control of blood sugar and insulin without providing excessive calories, and the effect on diabetic patients was more pronounced, while industrial foods, especially excessive non-nutritional substances added to sugary drinks, were Extremely detrimental to the body.

Eat more whole grain foods can prevent type 2 diabetes
Recently, a research report published in The Journal of Nutrition, scientists from the Danish Cancer Society Research Center found that eating whole-grain foods such as bread, pasta and cereals can help inhibit the development of type 2 diabetes effectively, the researchers said that eating whole grain food a day can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by 11%.

This is to say, people should choose to consume whole grain food instead of refined grain food. In addition to being effective in preventing type 2 diabetes, whole grains have also been proved helpful in preventing heart disease and colon cancer.

Author's Bio: 

This article is written by scientists at Creative Peptides, a company that offers various peptide fragments for diabetes research, including: Amylins (IAPP) Fragments, Chromogranin A/ Pancreastatin, Exendins Fragments, Insulin C-Peptides, Insulin-Like Growth Factors (IGF), Glucagons and Glucagon-Like Peptides (GLP-1 / GLP-2), Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide and Fragments, Ghrelin Peptides, etc.