The gastroenterologists are the physicians who hold the specialization in the diagnosis as well as the treatments of the diseases related to the human digestive system. They have to enter a rigorous fellowship program that provides more training devoted to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract over a period of three years after they complete their medical school and a three-year residency in Internal Medicine.

They hold expertise in the evaluation, diagnosis, management, as well as the treatment of the following symptoms and conditions diverticular disease and other diseases of the colon, gallbladder disease, heartburn & gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), hemorrhoids, hiatal hernias, abdominal pain and discomfort, bleeding in the digestive tract, colorectal cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer), stomach upset, nausea, vomiting and much more.

Their fellowship training encompasses each and every aspect of this specialized practice, that includes everything starting from the initial patient assessment as well as determining how and when to perform endoscopic procedures, proper interpretation of test results, and optimum recommendations for the care, further treatment of a full range of the diseases and conditions.

The Gastroenterologists are the only sub-specialists who get their training dedicated to the endoscopic procedures such as upper GI endoscopy, sigmoidoscopy as well as colonoscopy. After this additional training these physicians become the experts at using the advanced endoscopic techniques for both the diagnosis as well as the treatment of a full range of digestive system related conditions in all types of patients. There are studies that have shown that, the gastroenterologists perform the highest quality endoscopic procedures with more accurate detection, evaluation as well as the diagnosis as compared to other physicians.

The Gastroenterologists basically take care of their patients in an office or hospital setting, including nursing homes and outpatient surgical centers. These specialized physicians also sometimes serve as the consultants to other physicians and may also indulge in the work done in the research field.

The gastroenterologists in Gurgaon perform a range of nonsurgical procedures. This can include:

• Endoscopic ultrasounds for examining the tupper and lower GI tract, as well as other internal organs
• Colonoscopies for the detection of colon cancer or colon polyps
• Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for identification of gallstones, tumors, or scar tissue in the bile duct area
• Sigmoidoscopies for the evaluation of blood loss or pain in the bowel
• Liver biopsies for the assessment of inflammation and fibrosis
• Capsule endoscopies for examining the small intestine
• Double balloon enteroscopies also for the examination of the small intestine

Author's Bio: 

I am Gaurav Gautam, live in New Delhi, India. I am 28 years old. I am pursuing Mass. Comm. I am available on Facebook, Twitter, Google+. I love blogging, writing on health, fitness, lifestyle and Consumer Goods. Above article is based on Gastroenterologists