The nervous system is one of the most vital systems of the human body, which coordinates and sends signals to different parts of the body. In a newborn, there are high chances of occurrence of neurological problems through genetic disorders or other conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord, muscles, and peripheral nerves. In children, neurological conditions can be present before birth, at the time of birth, or even shortly after birth.
The development of anewborn's brain continues throughout the mother’s pregnancy and after the child’s birth. However, the brain starts to grow in the first month after conception, and any disability or injury occurred during the entire period can increase the risk of developing neurological problems in the baby. The early signs of the disorder can be witnessed in both physical and psychological conditions!
Autism is an intricate developmental disability, which reveals itself during early childhood. No one can describe aspecific cause for the condition, but researchers feel it can happen due to environmental, behavioural and genetic factors. An autistic child loses the ability to communicate or interact with people around them, and they might perceive things differently as compared to other kids of their age. A child has to go through certain conditions, including speech impairment, emotional disorder, challenged verbal andnon-verbal skills, poor motor skills, or trouble in making eye contact along with a repetitive pattern of behaviour.
Cerebral Palsy is one of the most common congenital neurological disorders, caused by damage to the brain before, during, or after birth. A child suffering from the condition has to deal with problems affecting his/her movements, including standing, walking, eating, talking and even maintaining the right posture. Although not much is known as to what causes the disorder, it is believed to occur during pregnancy when the foetus lacks growth at the right pace, and damages the brain internally. The condition arisingfrom cerebral palsy can be mild to severe. While there is no specific treatment available, doctors try physical therapy, medication,or surgeries, if required.
Dyslexia is another common learning disability noticed in children at an early age wherein they find it hard to perform the simple task of reading and writing accurately or fluently. There are numerous methods to treat Dyslexia, if diagnosed at a the early stage. Children with dyslexia may find it difficult in properly identifying words, letters, and numbers.
4.Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is a neurological condition that can occur in an early age and continue until adolescence. It is a common neurological disorders, which is often neglected as it is characterized by lack of attention or discipline and hyperactivity. Such children find it difficult to complete any given task. With the advancement in modern medicine, ADHD can be easily treated through medications and therapy.
Dyspraxia is a neurological disorder that restrictsphysical movements of a child, especially in maintaining balance and posture. In the disorder, each cell controlling muscle movement develop insufficiently. The situation can be improved and maintained through sessions of occupational therapy if it is diagnosed at an early stage.
Seeking medical opinion and earliest treatment is necessary for each neurological condition. It is always advisable for parents to pay attention to any abnormality or sign achild shows in his/her behaviour or movements, as most of these conditions can be cured or managed through therapy.
Alex is a professional writer and digital marketing expert.