Gastrointestinal disease is the least talked about. We all suffer from them but some are ashamed of them and some don’t know what are a gastrointestinal disease. Gastrointestinal (GI) disease are those which covers everything from top to bottom. These may include – oesophagus, stomach, both intestines, rectum, and gland indigestion like pancreas and liver. The doctor who looks after these diseases is Gastroenterologist. He looks after all the diseases ranging from the oesophagus to anus.

Types of Gastrointestinal diseases
There are different types of gastrointestinal diseases depending on the part they affect. A Gastroenterologist classifies them into-
1. Oral Diseases – Diseases of the mouth are most often not come under the umbrella of gastrointestinal disease. But there are some diseases that involve the part of GI disease and can affect mouth as well. Some of them are-
• Reflux- It is a condition characterized by a little burning in the chest. This occurs when the stomach backs up the acid in the oesophagus. This is also known as acid reflux disease.
• Crohn’s disease- It is also known as inflammatory bowel disease. This generally affects the digestive system and hence, come under the oral disease.

2. Oesophagus diseases – These are the diseases which affect the oesophagus or the food pipe. The most common in this type is gastroesophageal reflux disease which results in the changes in the epithelium and hence forms Barrett Disease. This disease may result in a sore throat, difficulty in swallowing and vomiting and throwing up the blood.
• Oesophagitis- This refers to the infection in the oesophagus.
• This may even include congenital diseases such as esophageal webbing.

3. Gastric Diseases- This disease affects the stomach. Some of the disease under this are-
• Gastritis- It is the inflammation of stomach by the infection. When this inflammation affects the gastrointestinal tract then it is known as Gastroenteritis.
• Peptic Ulcer- This is when the gastric mucosa is eroded.
• Pernicious Anaemia- It is a congenital disorder and targets immune response against parietal cells.

4. Intestinal disease – These involve diseases related to the small intestine and large intestine. One of the most common diseases is inflammation of intestines. This is also known as enterocolitis.

• Inflammation of small intestine is known as enteritis. Malabsorption of nutrients may also affect the small intestine. The most common symptoms of diseases related to small intestine are fatigue, weight loss, diarrhea, and malnutrition.
• A disease that affects the large intestine may affect a part of them or wholly. Appendicitis is the inflammation of is known as an appendix. When the large intestine is affected, it will most commonly result in constipation, passing of blood with stool, abdominal pain, and fever.
• Disease related to rectum and anus are extremely common. Hemorrhoids are extremely common. Other diseases include sexually transmitted diseases like HIV.

5. Digestive glands diseases – There are 3 gastric glands in our body-Liver, Pancreas and Gall Bladder.
• The diseases which affect liver are called hepatic diseases. The inflammation of liver tissue is considered as Hepatitis.
• The disorders that affect the exocirne pancreas is due to pancreatic diseases which affect the digestion.
• Gallstones are the common cause of inflammation of the gallbladder. The gallbladder stones cause unbearable pain.

Rainy Season and Gastro Diseases
Rainy season is not the only season where we need to take care of gastrointestinal diseases. The main reason for these diseases is the unhealthy eatables as well as obesity. Yes, we need to take care of these in rainy season as it welcomes many bacterias and viruses. But, it is wrong to quote that we need to take care only in rainy season.

To get rid of these diseases, you need to improve the lifestyle. Always check for proper sanitation before eating. If you find any change other than normal, consult with Gastroenterologist at Jaslok hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai.

To know more about your specific condition, please visit an Gastroenterologist in a a trusted hospital close to you.

Author's Bio: 

Aditya Mewati is a content writer at a online healthcare platform Logintohealth. Please visit www.logintohealth.com or www.logintohealth.com/blog to read more health related blogs.