For many couples who have difficulty in fertilizing an egg, fertility drugs are the first step in the treatment. Fertility medications work by increasing the concentration of certain hormones in your body, allowing you to mature and releasing one or more eggs each month (ovulation). If you have rare or irregular eggs, fertility drugs can help you. Fertility drugs are also needed for assisted reproduction, such as in vitro fertilization.

Some fertility drugs are used in the treatment of IVF, as controlling the development and release of eggs by the ovaries can improve the chances of success.

Many fertility drugs have been used safely and successfully for decades. However, some may cause serious side effects, such as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) or a higher probability of multiple pregnancies. You must evaluate your desire for a child in terms of the risks of side effects and wearing twins or something else. Keep in mind that monitoring by an ultrasound fertility specialist significantly reduces these risks.

Fertility drugs can include:

  1. Clomiphene citrate.

Clomifene (Clomid) is taken orally and stimulates ovulation because the pituitary gland releases more Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing hormone (LH) that stimulate the growth of an ovarian follicle containing an egg.

  1. Letrozole.

Letrozole (Femara Tablet) belongs to a class of drugs called aromatase inhibitors and acts similarly to clomiphene. Letrozole can cause ovulation. However, the effect of this medicine in early pregnancy is not yet known. Therefore, it is not used more often than others for ovulation induction. This drug was approved by the FDA for various types of Breast cancer.

  1. Gonadotropins.

Gonadotropins Instead of stimulating the pituitary gland to release more hormones, this treatment directly stimulate the ovary to produce more eggs. This class of hormones stimulates activity in the ovaries, including ovulation. If other treatments do not work, a doctor may recommend the use of a follicle stimulating hormone and a luteinizing hormone in the group. People receive this treatment as an injection or nasal spray.

  1. Metformin.

Metformin (Glucophage) is used when insulin resistance is a known or suspected cause of infertility, usually in women with PCOS. Metformin helps improve insulin resistance, which can increase the risk of ovulation.

  1. Bromocriptine.

Bromocriptine is a dopamine agonist, can be used when ovulation problems are caused by excessive production of prolactin (hyperprolactinemia) by the pituitary gland.

In about 10% of infertility cases, a doctor cannot find a cause. The medical term for this is unexplained infertility.

Medications that stimulate ovulation can help with unexplained infertility. These drugs can allow a woman to maximize her chances of perception during sex. It is also possible to reduce the effects of unidentified ovulation problems.


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