A number of diseases in India have taken place by which people have to suffer from different problems. Tuberculosis or TB is one of them where the worsening outcomes of this condition occur in the death of a person. There is a form of the disease called genital tuberculosis which affects the genital organs of a female body. The organs can be cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, ovaries or the surrounding nodes in the pelvis.

The occurrence of genital TB can also exist in men where the kidneys, urinary bladder, prostate gland, and the ureters are affected. This type of circumstance has been identified as an outcome of the spread of infection from other parts of the body, where lungs are identified to be most often.

If someone faces conditions like genital TB and prepares for its treatment, one of the important things to keep in mind is that the rates of infertility remain very high even when a patient tries to obtain the entire course of treatment for this disease. But remember, genital TB can be prevented when a person makes sure that no other part of their body has been affected by tuberculosis. This kind of condition proves to be unpleasant, that's why people need to have information about it and they also require to be aware and consider the doctor before the condition stretches.

Talking about the female reproductive organs that are linked with many cases of genital TB, there are fallopian tubes whose involvement has been said to be bilateral. The next one is the endometrium where its affection has been found in about 70% of cases of female genital TB. Some other organs like ovaries (10-15%) and cervix (5%) contain an involvement in this kind of disease. The cause behind the problem of genital tuberculosis is the infection of the genital tract by the tubercle bacillus.

There might be a condition where the bacillus travels from the chief site to the genital organs through blood and thus, genital TB can be caused. If such kind of a condition takes place, the fallopian tubes will firstly be affected followed by other reproductive organs.
The presence of tuberculosis may affect the pregnancy outcomes of a woman. It can be understood in such a way that when there is an infection of fallopian tubes, the infection will prevent the access of the fertilized egg to the tube and arrive at the uterus. Even when there is a condition of bacteria to wear down the lining of endometrium, there will be no chances of a fertilized egg to implant itself on the uterine wall. Consequently, there will be fewer chances for pregnancy. Even if there is a presence of infection in the ovaries, there will be an influence in the quality of the ovum and fertilization will not be able to take place.

Genital TB And Symptoms

According to some studies, identification of genital TB in early stages proves to be difficult and in many cases, the occurrence of this infection may be silent and there might not be a presence of any symptoms. But, if some symptoms exist, there can be primary or secondary infertility, low-grade fever, weight loss, abnormally heavy bleeding, no menstrual bleeding, bleeding after sexual intercourse, difficult or painful sexual intercourse, vaginal discharge, swelling, pain or irritation in the testicles, etc. One of the important things to remember in the cases of genital TB is that one must not wait to see the doctor and begin the treatment of this kind of condition has been suspected. It is because it proves to be a threatening condition and a woman might have to face problems in the upcoming time.

Genital TB And IVF

When there is a presence of genital tuberculosis in a person's body, there will be a requirement of rapid treatment by which bacteria will be killed and the doctors will reinstate the functionality of damaged reproductive organs for undertaking infertility. It has been identified that the chances of pregnancy for a woman facing the condition of genital TB remain low even after getting the entire treatment.

IVF refers to a fertility-based technique where fertility medications are delivered to a woman to assist her ovaries to develop some eggs that are mature and ready for the process of fertilization. When there comes a presence of mature eggs, the doctors remove them from the body and mix with the sperm of a female partner in a container in the lab. If the process seems to be fine and accordingly, there will be chances of fertilization to take place.

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But, the problem of pregnancy in the occurrence of genital tuberculosis can be solved with the help of some fertility treatments like IVF (in-vitro fertilization).