Most people believe the average diet based upon the official food pyramid is just fine. Some eat predominantly fast food. Others advocate veganism (eating only plant foods), or lacto-ovo vegetarianism (plants plus dairy and eggs). Others set their eating practices by the standards of holy writ that proscribe or sanctify foods. Others just eat what tastes good and that’s logic enough.

People in general feel guarded and pretty jealous about their food choices and don’t like others meddling. But eating is not recreation. Food choices are health choices. By and large, however, diet is a topic essentially ignored by the medical profession other than just to parrot what the public already hears on the television set. This includes marketing sound bites about cholesterol, calories, fat, fiber, or whatever else is making money for an industry at the moment. In conventional medical school curricula, doctors receive no special nutritional training and generally eat just as poorly as everyone else.

The bewildering wonder of the body is to blame for the murkiness about what is or is not correct food. The human organism is so amazingly adaptable and forgiving that it will do its best to survive on whatever it is given. If the food is incorrect, there is usually no immediate harm because the body will call on its reserves. This buffer the body provides means wrong decisions may not manifest their full impact until late in life. Nutritional damage can even be delayed so long as to pass genetically to later generations.

Yet the body’s forgiveness is not bottomless. If the stress from improper food continues beyond the ability to adapt, disease, degeneration, and loss of vitality will result. Unfortunately, such consequences are so far removed in time from the eating regimen that caused them that few understand the relationship or can trace the connection. Nevertheless, like old bills turning up that you thought you would never have to pay, bad eating habits will come back to haunt us.

The true test of any health idea lies so far out into the future that almost any claim can seem valid since there are apparently healthy people doing and eating just about anything—for the moment. So we must be cautious before subscribing to bold claims about what is or is not good to eat.

A well-grounded philosophy needs to be in place if health is the objective. To sort through the competing ideas, all we have to do is put thinking first. A simple and reasonable principle emerges that is so logical that everyone can agree.

Consider the following three premises:
1. Just like a tree is genetically adapted to absorb certain nutrients from soil, and a lion is genetically adapted to thrive on prey, and a deer is genetically adapted to browse on vegetation, so too are humans genetically adapted to certain kinds of food.

2. Most of the foods we are presently exposed to are a product of the Agricultural/Industrial Revolution and occupy a small part of the genetic history of humans.

3. The natural diet to which humans are genetically adapted must predate them. In other words, how could humans exist before the food they needed to survive? We were completely developed biologically prior to agriculture and any method of food processing. That means whatever diet archetypal humans ate was the perfect diet. It was the diet responsible for the existence and development of the incredibly complex human organism. That diet was the milieu, the environmental nutritional womb from which we sprang.

The logical conclusion we must draw from these three premises is: The best food for humans is that food which they would be able to eat and survive on as it is found in nature.

That means no dyes, preservatives, synthetics, nutritionally barren cooked starches, or refined sugars and oils. Our tissues were obviously designed to be bathed in food nutrients derived from natural living foods found in nature. Make no mistake, if we are not eating according to this principle our bodies are being constantly stressed by deficiency, imbalance, and toxin exposure. The result of generations ignoring this principle is the current epidemic of obesity, chronic degenerative diseases, the exhaustion of digestive processes, and premature aging.
This is the price we pay for becoming consumers—unthinking, passive, and dependent. Wendell Berry wrote, “Our kitchens and other eating places more and more resemble filling stations, as our homes more and more resemble motels…Food industrialists will grow, deliver, and cook your food for you and (just like your mother) beg you to eat it. That they do not yet offer to insert it prechewed into your mouth is only because they have found no profitable way to do so…The ideal industrial food consumer would be strapped to a table with a tube running from the food factory directly into his or her stomach” (1).

We race through life on the money trail hell-bent on increasing life’s quality by affording more and bigger toys and replacing foods nature intends us to eat with industrial artifacts that bear no resemblance whatsoever to anything coming from nature. This race after things, convenience, and time off (to recreate with as much speed, ease, noise, and violence as possible) ignores the true cause and effect relationships of our body in nature. We thus have become exiled from biological truth and come to think that life is only about economic transactions and that food is only about recreation and sating appetite.

Certainly modern industry is to blame for their beguiling advertising (brain washing) and adorned food creations that, as Berry quipped, smell as prettified as the actors promoting them. Our industrial benefactors have replaced nature, quality, and health with throughput, economy of scale, and profit. We, in turn, buy the pig in the poke.
If we awaken our consciousness we will find that food and health really have nothing to do with the dyed, breaded, sauced, and sterilized creations of profiteers. For one thing, a feature of all natural foods is that they are raw—alive if you will. Let me make the connection here, in principle, to a law in biology. The Law of Biogenesis says life can only come from preexisting life. Life begets life. If we eat living foods we enhance our own life. If we eat dead devitalized foods (virtually all cooked and processed foods), we become devitalized and dead. Granted, this will not happen at once, but as the adaptive reserves within the body are exhausted we become just like the lifeless food we eat.

Studies of the diets of past cultures and today’s primitive societies reveal that they ate exactly as their genes and the environment dictated: natural and raw (2). Yes, even the meats, organs, eggs, and insects. Remember, we’re looking far back in time to the prototype, even before the use of fire (much less the microwave, stove, oven, grill, deep fryer, or extruder).

Raw foods make so much sense. After all, we were not suddenly dropped from outer space onto Earth with fry pans, matches, and rotisseries. We began on the forest floor, not in a line at a fast food counter. We had only our natural bodies in a natural world. Every other organism on Earth eats raw foods exactly like they are found in nature. How can we think nature doesn’t notice our decision to flout her instructions and change all that?

All of the mystery about what is or is not proper to eat vanishes if we just imagine ourselves placed in nature in the total absence of modern technology. Ask yourself the question: What would I eat and what could I eat? Humans can eat and digest fruits, nuts, insects, a few plants, honey, worms, grubs, eggs, milk, and animal flesh. These are about the only food substances in nature that humans are capable of digesting without technological (including fire) intervention. These are, in fact, the very foods that are the mainstay of nomadic primitive societies. Only when these foods become scarce do unpalatable foods such as grains and some otherwise inedible vegetables get cooked and processed to change their taste, neutralize toxins, and increase digestibility.

What would have been the single most predominant human food in the wild? Likely prey. With a family to feed we would look for the most calorie- and nutrient-dense food we could find. That would not be a few wheat seeds, some grass, or a root. We would let the herbivores do all the grazing and digestion with their specialized stomachs that are capable of converting essentially any plant material into edible protein and fat. Then we would eat them. Some people are repulsed by this idea. I must say that I cannot easily find comfort in it either. But that’s the way things are on planet Earth in this biological web we are entangled in. It is reality and solutions can only come from facing reality.

The simple truth of nutrition is that we should eat what nature provides that we can digest. Yet this is never explained in nutrition textbooks, and PhD nutritionists graduate without even grasping it. The understanding that we are designed to eat raw, natural food we can digest cuts through all the theory, belief, lore, and guesswork. It matches our natural bodies with our natural food.

Modern cookery and food processing has misled us. Foods such as granola, soymilk, and rice that are marketed as the ultimate health foods are in fact not natural human foods at all. These products either do not exist in nature, are so scarce in the wild as to never possibly be a sustaining food, or in their raw precooked form are unpalatable and even toxic.

For example, raw soybeans contain a variety of chemicals that can stunt growth and interfere with the body’s digestive enzymes. Eat enough of them and death is the result. Grains in their raw form are unpalatable, indigestible, and also potentially toxic. In nature one would never find enough kernels of rice, wheat, or barley to make up a meal, even if they were edible in their raw form. (Sprouted seeds and grains are an exception since they are digestible, raw, and nutritious.)

Now then, these understandings create somewhat of a dilemma. Knowing what our natural food is and consuming it are two different things. We are so acclimated to the modern diet that the notion of eating raw meat, for example, is nauseating to most. Never mind grubs. Nevertheless, as evidenced by primitive (but nutritionally advanced) peoples, raw meat and organs can be eaten with great nutritional benefit and they are totally digestible. Some cultures even bury raw meats and let them rot (ferment), and then consume them with gusto. These societies are robust and healthy until modern foods encroach. Then, like a dirty and toxic bathtub ring, modern degenerative diseases decimate those people at the periphery where there is contact with modern foods (3-4).
If you are panicking at the thought of eating raw foods, yes, there is danger of food-borne pathogens. But if careful and clean about preparation, the danger is far less than the danger of a lifetime eating devitalized processed foods. Raw natural foods must be safe or our ancestors would not have survived and we would not exist.

Granted, it is very difficult today to achieve the ideal raw natural diet. But we can at least steer our choices in that direction. This doesn’t mean no processed or cooked foods should be eaten. Look around the grocery store (usually the outside aisles) and consider what it is that could be eaten in its natural state. Increase the proportion of those foods. Choose processed foods that compromise natural principles the least and are as close to nature as possible. They should be whole foods, packaged carefully to protect nutrient value, and be free of synthetics, hydrogenated oils, refined salt (natural is okay) and sugar. Meats and eggs should be cooked as lightly as possible.

Choose foods requiring the least alteration and adulteration. For example, whole raw milk yogurt is ideal. The same thing pasteurized would be next best. The same thing pasteurized and homogenized next. Worst would be non-fat, pasteurized, homogenized, artificially flavored and sugared yogurt (which is, of course, what the majority eat because it tastes most like what we are used to—candy).

Eat in variety and moderation the best foods that can be found. Don’t sweat the small stuff or panic when a meal is not perfect. Freshness, rawness, and variety are the principles to reach toward. That is not something that can be easily or perfectly achieved in our modern day. Thankfully, the amazing human body is forgiving if small compromises are made here and there. Just keep the ideal goal in sight and don’t worry about veering off the path now and then.

(1) Berry, W. What Are People For? New York: North Point Press, 1990.
(2) Mann, N. J. Paleolithic nutrition: What can we learn from the past? Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 13 (2004), S17.
(3) Hildes, J. A. et al. The changing picture of neoplastic disease in the western and central Canadian Arctic. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 130 (1984), 25-32.
(4) Rowling, J. T. Pathological changes in mummies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 54 (1961), 409-515.

Author's Bio: 

Dr. Wysong is author of thirteen books on health, nutrition, self improvement, philosophy, and the origin of life. He is a pioneer in the natural health and nutrition movement, and is the first to put the creation-evolution debate on rational footings. His blog, books, updates, mind-stimulating content, interactive forums, and FREE thinking matters video-rich newsletter can be found at To contact Dr. Wysong, email:

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