In this article, we will have a look at the scrap metal recycling process and find out about some of the general advantages.

See, any metal can be recycled. Whether you are talking about iron, steel, copper, aluminum, or tin which are among the topmost used commercial metals, recycling applies to all.

It is also a highly viable process using existing technology and comes with many economic and environmental benefits as is discussed in the latter half of this article.

Metal recycling process

First, we will start with the scrap metal recycling process. Although the individual processes will vary based on the metal type and its properties the general process is more or less the same.


First of all, for the metal recycling companies collecting scrap metals is a big and tedious task. You would have to tie up with the companies and ensure pickup trucks for the collection of the scrap metals. Remember that this is a cost-intensive process.


Once a collection of scrap metals is done you would have to sort out metals. There are various types of metals that have to be sorted out and segregated such as cast iron, stainless steel, copper, aluminum, etc.

Sorting can be done by hand or you may even use machinery for it based on how much metal scrap you deal with.

Before the treatment process begins scrap metal recycling process involves processing where the metals have to be squeezed into thinner sheets or pellets. This would then usually be fed into the feeder machines or along conveyor lines for further treatment. Squeezing metals would need machines.


Once the scrap metals have been squeezed into sheets or pellets it becomes easier to shred them. shredding a metal into smaller pieces ensures more efficiency allowing more purified metal during the scrap metal recycling process.

Now, this is from where the main scrap metal recycling process will begin. Generally, for easier purification of the metal and subsequent refining, the metal is heated at a certain temperature in a blast furnace to convert it into its molten liquid form.


Now comes the purification process where all the other unwanted metal traces are purified and refined out. Generally, any scrap metals will have dust impurities and even other chemical impurities in them such as other trace metals mixed with them. Remember that the purification stage is a step-by-step process involving refining the metals many times according to the desired percentage of the pure metal as per the industrial standards and demands.

Solidifying the purified metal

Once the pure metal has been refined and purified there is one last step in the scrap metal recycling process and that is to resolidify the molten form of purified metal into thin sheets and pellets.


Now we come to the benefits section where we will discuss some of the benefits of scrap metal recycling and why do companies look to focus on them.
Reduction of fresh metal mining

When you recycle a metal you reduce your cost for mining out fresh metal or buying raw metal from the market at sky-high prices.

Reduction on carbon emissions
Of course, scrap metal purification will lead to lesser carbon emissions as less combustion energy is spent on metal ore mining and purification.

Energy savings
You would also save energy as huge amounts of combustion energy are required by burning coal and petrol to mine and purify metals.

Reduction of imports
Of course, by doing scrap metal recycling you will be able to reduce your imports and this will ensure a further reduction in operation and raw material procurement costs.
Fewer landfills and preventing soil pollution

You will have to spend less tax on landfills and dumping scrap metal to the government.

Author's Bio: 

This article is penned by Dwivid Sharma. This article will help you to learn a lot about environmental benefit for metal recycling. You can learn about how much you can save with metal recycling.