Accounting principles are important for not just accountants practicing in the field, but to keep businesses streamlined. There is a set of rules to determine how organisations follow principles while performing duties for maintaining transparency and consistency. However, these principles vary widely with respect to countries, even though most of them are common and widely accepted. Here we will discuss the common applicable accounting principles which are used worldwide. 

What are the accounting principles?

Accounting principles are nothing but mostly rules which accountants ought to follow while preparing financial statements on behalf of a legal trading organisation. Over the years the principles have been modified for common usage by accounting professionals from across the globe. 

A company must have its records audited by an auditing professional and hence the organization must follow all the accounting standards which are applicable to the industry. Its often considered a major requirement among creditors and investors, which is why it is necessary that an accountant must take charge of the finances, expenses and gains, which further demand the professionals to follow certain principles. Let us discuss various principles including equity, liabilities, assets, revenue, broad transactions and expenses. The main function of implementing and following the accounting principles is to maintain financial consistency throughout the organization. 

The principles are aimed at helping reviewers like an auditor or investor understand and also recognize the assets, liabilities and expenses of a business. 

Accounting principles

Some of the commonly accepted accounting principles are mentioned here: 

Accrual principle

Accrual principle involves a concept where all transactions are to be included during the time period of their occurrence, rather than the time of cashflow concerning the transactions. The principle holds importance especially in the context of generating clearer financial statements which provides a record of the happenings around that particular timeframe. 

Conservatism principle

The conservatism principle refers to an idea where all liabilities as well as expenses are recorded soon after they occur; and at the same time the accountant will also record the assets alongside the revenues as they occur. By applying the principle, it helps slant financial documents in a very conservative approach, bringing to surface the lower reported profits which occur due to delay in revenue and asset recognition. However experienced accountants near Park Ridge suggest that a business owner must not go overboard with the principle to prevent the business from mispresenting the finances in order to make them appear realistic. 

Consistency principle

The consistency principle is devised for the organisation to adopt and use principles of accounting till the time a demonstrably improved principle evolves. Such consistency ensures that reviewing an organisation’s financial records and documents will help fully understand how the numbers along with the information are recorded and reported. The principle also provides insight into how accountants prepare records. 

Cost principle

Wondering what cost principle stands for? According to this accounting principle the organisation should have all its equity investments, assets or liabilities recorded at their original price only, besides keeping track of the time-frame within which they are purchased. According to this principle, the accounting professional will ensure that the recorded amounts must not be influenced by market value or inflation. 

Economic entity principle

The organisation’s transactions must remain separate from transactions of business owners and other organisations. It helps in preventing inter-organisational mingling of assets and liabilities, which is extremely important when auditors evaluate the financial transactions of the business. 

There are different types of principles available. Each principle has been devised to benefit businesses in the long run. Accountants near Browns Plains will ensure that a business must stay aligned with these accounting principles.

Author's Bio: 

The author is one of the most renowned accountants near Browns Plains. In recent times the author has been shedding light on key aspects concerning the subject.