Under the remedial education needs both under primary school or college level, these compensatory education programs are designed for students with needs arising from a disadvantage. This is rooted in social, economic, cultural, geographical or ethnic that compensates on the inequalities in education and stresses the importance of schooling for these students. The purpose of compensation is to promote equal educational opportunities for all students to access and remain in the education system and those who have difficulty completing their studies find support for it.

Students may have difficulties to adapt to the center, having agreed to it late, once the course, be at risk of early school leaving or not eligible to exceed the corresponding stage because they have spent a period in hospital or from another country and have language difficulties. So designing a curriculum tailored to the needs and meets in turn to the development of skills that are deemed necessary at each stage of education. In kindergartens and elementary schools, educational compensation stands for preventive, generally taught by faculty mentor and support teachers. In secondary education, remedial education students intended to remain in the system to complete their studies.

To identify students who need help, especially, is essential to the work of teachers. Class teachers are the most knowledgeable about the progress of pupils in class, so they are the first to detect any delay. In this case, it will be responsible for performing the tests to determine the needs of the student, who will then care-support teachers. Although families can identify a problem, it is the teacher who does the monitoring and evaluation of the student, so it recognizes your needs, in addition to the training needed to determine the type of support required.

This can develop in their own classroom or in a different class to achieve a more specific focus. When programs are conducted in the classroom, greater standardization is pursued, since students remain in the same environment as the rest of his teammates. By contrast, classes devoted to compensation programs are presented as more direct support, sometimes by way of workshops; in which students pose specific activities to help them overcome their difficulties.

Compensation is educational inclusion. The fact help students stay in education entails a fundamental support to complete their studies, improve training and reduce the risk of exclusion. Each autonomous region regulates this figure to suit the needs of their students and their particularities.

The purposes are many. Seeks to address not only students, but also improve the general climate in the center. It pursues the coexistence between students, reduce truancy rates and help bridge the gap curriculum. Regarding foreign students through these programs improve their language skills and overcome learning difficulties due to this circumstance.

Support needs students are of such importance that even a work is rewarded. The Ministry of Education recognizes schools to develop "best practices aimed at offsetting the students found in unfavorable social environments". Prizes will be offered in varied forms scholarships, educational products or even cash prizes.

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