It is a kind of special instructional methodology designed for children with special needs. It includes learning-teaching aids and equipment to meet educational needs of children with specific learning disabilities. The whole purpose of adopting this methodology is to improve the skill and ability in the student. This instruction technique requires teachers to stress on explanation and repeating information to make special child understand the subject clearly. For instance, a child with low reading ability requires one-on-one reading instruction along with phonic practice from his teacher.
Early identification of the disability is important to begin with early intervention of educating special children. After the identification the parents must select the specific program suitable for specific learning disability of their child. For instance, the child may have language impairments, multiple disabilities, hearing and visual impairments, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, traumatic brain injury, or other health impairments. Students are classified under one of the categories, and special educators work with specific groups.
Special educators use exclusive techniques to promote and enhance learning in children. After recognizing the disability, they choose appropriate teaching instruction medium which is individualized specifically for each student. Also, they engage in problem-solving assignments and group work. Majorly it involves imparting life skills and basic literacy to special children. Children with mild or moderate disabilities are taught using general education curriculum but they modify it to meet child’s individual need. The focus is laid on such education pattern at all levels - elementary, middle, and secondary school level. Along with this teachers work closely with parents to inform them about their child's progress and also they suggest them techniques to promote learning at home.
They play major role in enhancing child’s behavioral, social, and academic development. It helps them to develop emotionally, feel comfortable in social situations, and be aware of socially acceptable behavior. Special education teachers communicate and work together with social workers, psychologists, occupational and physical therapists, speech therapists, school administrators, and other teachers.
Vital part of special education is behavior modification skills that gradually change undesirable behavior that child portray. Rewarding technique is used you bring the desirable change. This method also boosts motivation in the child. He comes to know, what is accepted and what is not. They are taught to become independent without accepting great deal of help from others. Special education is offered to children to help them live normally and face the challenges of the life.

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