Serverless computing is changing the way developers use cloud computing to build software applications. It offers many advantages over conventional cloud-based or server-centric software development. It allows developers to focus on software development rather than the day-to-day management of servers.

In this article, I will discuss various advantages and disadvantages of serverless computing.

What is Serverless Computing?

Serverless computing is essentially a cloud computing model where infrastructure and resource requirements are handled by a third-party cloud provider. This lets developers focus on software development, which enables faster software release or deployment while optimizing costs. Organizations only pay for the resources that are used, and the maintenance and scaling of these resources fall on the cloud provider.

A website or an app consists of many components that are required for its seamless execution and experience. The back-end components consist of data files, processing, and security. In a serverless computing framework, these functionalities remain inactive unless they are called upon by the users. In serverless cloud computing, such occurrences are known as functions, and as these functions need not be executed constantly, scalability becomes essential.

Advantages of Serverless Computing

  • Reduced costs: By adopting the serverless cloud computing model, organizations do not need to incur the capital costs of purchasing and maintaining servers. This reduces overall costs and expenses related to development work. The serverless computing model lets companies pay only for those resources that have been used, reducing costs.
  • Modernize infrastructure: Serverless computing removes the need for conventional server setup, making way for flexible and scalable computing. Cloud providers offer regular and automatic updates along with seamless integration, increasing productivity and efficiency.
  • Enhanced scalability: Automatic scaling reduces operational inefficiency and complexity while allowing applications to function efficiently during peak usage.
  • Continuous delivery (CD): Enables reliable and automatic application updates, reducing time to market and increasing flexibility and agility.
  • Increased latency: Improves resource utilization and promotes the creation of microservices.

Disadvantages of Serverless Computing

  • Security concerns: Infrastructure managed by third parties can expose applications to potential cyber threats.
  • Challenges in testing and debugging: Traditional tools may not be as effective due to the temporary nature of serverless functions.
  • Vendor lock-in: Dependency on a specific provider can lead to increased costs and reduced flexibility.
  • Constraints in application design: Stateless nature of serverless functions and limitations on execution time, memory, and package size can complicate application design.
  • Performance problems: Unpredictable latency and "cold starts" can affect application performance.

Final Words:

Serverless computing is undoubtedly an innovative technology that offers notable advantages for any company providing cloud app development. It is cost-effective, and its scalable nature makes the development process efficient. However, technology also presents many challenges, which require companies to plan strategically to leverage its advantages.

Author's Bio: 

Kaushal Shah manages digital marketing communications for the enterprise technology services provided by Rishabh Software.