Plastic and cosmetic surgery has been practiced by surgeons since 800 BC. A surgery procedure, now known as rhinoplasty, was performed to restore noses of people in India. But Plastic surgery didn't become popular until 20th century when surgeons used this procedure to restore physical deformities caused by war. Cosmetic surgery, a procedure that's reshapes and enhances perfectly normal body is consequential to plastic surgery. The wars caused too much damaged that it increased the innovation of plastic surgery and this gave the window of opportunity for cosmetic to surgery to boom in the industry. The surgeon's realized that aside from fixing deformities, they could also enhance beauty through surgery. They then developed body enhancement techniques such as breast augmentation, liposuction, and tummy tuck, in addition to facial surgeries.

It has a broad field and is sometimes confused over reconstructive surgery. Reconstructive surgery is used to correct congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, or the effects of disease like breast reduction, cleft palate surgery and birthmark removal, whilst it isn't much associated with necessary reconstruction. It's more about improving looks for aesthetic purposes such as rhinoplasty, breast augmentation, and liposuction.

Plastic surgery is more than just a beautification procedure for some people. It helps seriously injured and disfigured people restore their bodies.

Cosmetic surgeons' offices are filled with people looking to improve their looks. They are beautiful people who want to be more beautiful or regular looking people trying to look less regular. They have breast implants and face lifts and tummy tucks to speed up progress on getting fit or to slow down aging. They are by and large the consumers of plastic surgery. There is however another group of people who are helped in ways that are leaps and bounds more fulfilling than the people looking for basic aesthetic improvement. People who have serious injuries and burns or congenital defects should look to plastic surgery to regain some semblance of normalcy.

People with horrible facial or skin burns are often helped immensely by the work of a cosmetic surgeon. Plastic surgery offers a number of ways to repair and reduce heavy scarring. Dermabrasion can smooth out rough skin. Reconstruction can repair features that have been lost. It is possible to rebuild an ear or a nose and it is even possible to replace a lost eyelid. In fact one of the best people to call in immediately after serious burns is a cosmetic surgeon. They will not be able to remedy problems after they have healed but they will be able to minimize scarring during treatment.

Bringing the subject to the spotlight was a recent exchange on the social networking site Twitter between Kim Kardashian and a fan. The fan boasted that she was going to get as much plastic surgery as necessary to look just like her favorite celebrity, the socialite and reality TV star Kardashian. Kim responded by saying that everyone should be happy with who they are and plastic surgery to look like her was not a good idea. Experts agree.

Many surgeons will turn a patient away if they come in with that type of request. While it is one thing to ask for Angelina Jolie's lips or the breasts of Pamela Anderson, giving a complete body makeover to look like a star is another thing entirely. Often, it is a symptom of needing some mental counseling more desperately than they need anything a cosmetic surgeon can provide. Still, in these days of incessant idol worship and stars with increasingly unrealistic bodies, it's no wonder the average person wants to do everything they can to look more like their silver screen heroes.

The most common types of reconstructions are tumor removal, burn repair and laceration repair, hand surgery, and reconstructions due to mastectomies and other cancer related issues. Because a reconstruction is usually done in relation to a life threatening or debilitating illness, the following reconstruction operations are likely to be covered by most insurance policies; however, pure cosmetic elective procedures will not be billable as a preventative or imperative need, therefore the patient will need to be prepared to foot the entire bill for the elective procedure.

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