Real estate may be a reference to land (real property) which includes what grows or is constructed on the land; the ownership of real estate; and the business of real estate, i.e., brokers and builders, agents, developers property managers mortgage lenders investors, consultants, and appraisers working in the real estate business. Real estate is typically classed as residential (e.g. duplexes, houses, condos, etc.) and rural (e.g. farms, ranches and farms) and commercial (e.g. malls offices, apartments, industrial structures) or institutions (e.g. churches and schools, hospitals, airports). The land without improvements is classified as rural, residential, commercial, or institutional based on its intended usage.

Value of Real Estate

Real estate is distinguished by its immobility, durability (the availability of income or services over an extended period) and by the uniqueness (no 2 properties can be the same) and the existence of a particular collection of laws and institutions. The value of real estate tends to fluctuate, rising during times of (and regions that experience) high economic expansion, but remaining steady or decreasing during times of (and regions that experience) slower economic development. The long-term durability of real estate in canada can be a contributing factor to the fluctuations in prices. Any small change in rental rates of an apartment can have a major effect on the value of the building if the new rent is taken in the years to follow. Values can change as a result from the slow adjustment of supply to a shift in demand. They can be inflated by speculate (demand or supply due to expectations of future price changes).

A property's improvements generally impact the value of the other and transaction costs are very high (including commissions as well as appraisal and legal fees, finance surveys and registration fees). For residential properties , the commission may be 3 percent or more than the price of sale. Some states have an estate transfer tax which can add 2 percent.

Price Bubbles

Prices for real estate can increase quickly when demand outpaces supply, particularly if the demand is driven by expectation of higher prices. Demand driven by expectations can lead to prices that are overinflated, i.e., prices are not sustainable, based on economic fundamentals. economic circumstances.

Real Estate Agents

It is normal for sellers to employ an agent from a real estate agency to help with the sale. The property is offered for sale through a real estate firm (listing agent) who is responsible for advertising, marketing marketing opening houses the placement of signage, etc. The listing agent typically collaborates together with additional real estate firms via a multi-listing service (MLS) in which members of the firm can list properties for sale by other members in addition to selling properties offered by others. The company that finds a buyer is then the seller's agent. Selling and listing agents are usually agents for the seller and pay commissions when the property is sold however two agency (an agent who represents both the buyer and vendor) is not uncommon. In general, there is no commission due if the deal doesn't close. When more than one business are involved with the purchase the commission is divided among the companies, usually equally, however unequal splits can also be common. Companies split the commissions with the salespeople who are involved.


It is normal to require the actual transaction and the registration and the legal documentation, that are handled by an attorney. The expression "deal pending" refers to an asset that is that is in the process of selling, in which there is an accepted bid and in certain regions, the terms of offer are removed, and in others , with the conditions of the contract that have yet to be fulfilled, e.g., a mortgage to be set up. The relatively high price of real estate would make it out of reach for many people, if not to be mortgaged. The security offered by real estate permits lenders to finance a significant portion of for the property, which makes the ownership of a property possible even with a minimal amount of equity (non-mortgaged part of the value). This, however, means that real estate prices are depend on the mortgage rate, which can becomes a source of fluctuation ( see also Interest Rates in Canada). Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), is an Crown corporation and a national housing agency that is involved in housing-related research and policies ( see Housing and Housing Policy). A major function of CMHC is the insurance of home mortgagesin cases where you pay not more than 20 percent of property value.

Real Estate Ownership

Ownership rights initially extend from the middle of the earth all the way to the skies, but are typically restricted on surface-only rights. In Canada subsurface rights, especially minerals rights are generally reserved to the Crown regardless of whether the land has been privately held ( see also Crown Land). The rights to air are also held under the Crown. Additionally, the government has the power to tax or expropriate property and abscond (inherit when there are no the heirs) as well as control (through laws governing land and Zoning law, laws governing building laws, fire and health codes, or rent control). In many provinces, property title is recorded at the local land-titles office offering evidence of ownership. Real estate may be owned either individually or collectively in the form of corporate entities, co-operatives, syndicates, partnerships, etc. "" completion refers to the moment when the title transfer is recorded at land titles and when the cash is transferred to another person. "Possession" is the term used to describe possession is used when the buyer is granted an access right to the land ( see Property Law).

Legal Identification

Real estate is officially described in its formal description e.g. it is described in towns, cities, and hamlets, by lot block or plan. Condominiums (high-rise row house, high-rise and office) are identified by their units number and condo plan. In rural areas, land is typically identified by townships, sections meridians and ranges.

Real Estate and the Canadian Economy

Housing starts are a significant economy indicator as well as construction expenses play a significant part for our economic. The total amount for construction and related expenditures typically exceeds 20% in the GDP. In 2016, the value of the building permits issued was more than $85 billion. (The amount of the building permits issued is roughly the value of the new additions to the inventory of structures and other improvements but does not include the value of the land on the land on which they are constructed.)

The amount of real estate transactions completed through the Multiple Listing Service (MLS) systems in Canada in 2016 was more than $274 billion. The total number of transactions was around 567,000. transactions involving twelve thousand members belonging to the Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA). The valuation of real estate to meet a variety of needs is carried out by appraisers certified with the National Association of real estate appraisers who are professionals and The Appraisal Institute of Canada. The valuation (assessment) for appraisal purposes for assessment for tax purposes is carried out by assessors. Certain universities (e.g. The University of British Columbia, Universite Laval) provide degree courses in the field of real estate as well as cities and economics. There are several journals dedicated exclusively to property.

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