Prostate is a small exocrine gland present only in males and forming a part of the reproductive system. The gland is located below the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra. The gland secretes vital fluids that constitute a portion of semen, seminal vesicle and male sperm cells. Cancerous growths in the gland result in prostate cancer and the spread of the cells can happen from the gland to other parts of the body like lymph nodes and bones.

Prostate cancer can be aggressive causing serious health problems or less harmful and chronic. Prostate cancer is typically found in older men, men above 40 years old. The disease is more prevalent in North America andEurope. Studies suggest a number of causes to be responsible for causing prostate cancer, which include: Genetic, Inections, Exposure to Certain Chemicals and Dietary.

There is a chemical called Agent Orange, a herbicide used to get rid of the unwanted plants. Agent Orange was largely used in Vietnam War to destroy farmlands and ranch inVietnambyAmerica. Studies have confirmed that the risk of prostate cancer increases to significant extent following the exposure to the chemicals of this herbicide.

The risks also increase to a great extent if prostate cancer is found in any of the family members. Studies also show prostate cancer risks to increase with the increased consumption of liquor and red meat. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) have also been found to be causing prostate cancer.

Early stage and non-aggressive prostate cancer can cause complications like the urge for frequent urination, pain at the time of passing the urine, difficulty in passing the urine, discomfort during sexual intercourse. The severe complications often produced by aggressive and late stage prostate cancer include sexual dysfunction, severe pain in pelvis, bones and ribs.

Prostate cancer is detected by PSA tests, physical examination of the gland or biopsy. If the cancer is believed to have spread CT scans are also advised. There is a score called Gleason Score which is used to confirm the presence of prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer is generally treated with surgery and radiation therapy. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy methods of treatment are opted for patients who have the aggressive or advanced stage of cancer.

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Author's Bio: 

Jack Taylor Powers Taylor LLP is a boutique litigation firm that represents people injured by unsafe drugs. The attorneys of Powers Taylor founded this firm to focus on client needs. We employ unique and creative litigation strategies to obtain decisive results for our clients.