World systems theory strengths and weaknesses .Among international analysts there is a consensus that the world that begins to take shape after the end of the cold war is a qualitatively different world order.Helo History

Not only have the patterns on which power and "high and low politics" cemented themselves, but also the structuring axes of the system have been modified. This new reality is demanding a renewal of the analytical perspectives of international relations as the great paradigms and explanatory theories of world events revealed to specific reality of yesterday 218. Today, the transformation of the very object of research- the post- Cold War world- induces a change in the construction of theory. The study that follows is not intended to be the formulation of a new theory but simply the enunciation of certain theoretical procedures as well as an exploratory approach that allows to account for the main trends that characterize the new world system. The central thesis that is handled in the present work can be summarized in the * Historian and political scientist, professor of the Institute of Political Studies and International Relations. Following the fact that the notions that best define the world order are homogeneity, transnationalization and interdependence, the new world system is not equitable system for all the participating actors. Conversely, we consider that it constitutes a phase in the capitalist development characterized by forms of expansive accumulation that reproduces a new modality of hierarchical and pyramidal stratification. In the center are those actors - the powers - that are wrapped in dense networks of competition and balance. At an immediately lower level and subordinated to the governing centers are the actors that are part of their respective "areas of influence", that is to say those States and organizations with which each maintains a great commercial exchange, economic and cultural bonds and possibly a system of alliances. States at this level maintain a privileged and intense relationship with the hegemonic center. Nevertheless, this is not an obstacle to dense relations with actors in other areas and with the other centers of the world system. The last level encompasses all those States that are not part of the central "blocs" of the system and are in a marginal, economic or geopolitical situation and are eagerly seeking to counter this trend by strengthening ties with hierarchically superior actors.

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