Nephrotic syndrome is a condition in which the filters of the kidneys become large and allow more protein to leak from the blood into the urine. It is a medical condition that indicates:

  • Albuminuria:- Large amounts of protein in the urine.
  • Hyperlipidemia:- Higher than normal fat and cholesterol levels in the blood.
  • Edema:- Fluid retention leading to swelling in the body.
  • Hypoalbuminia:- Low levels of albumin in the blood.

Nephrotic syndrome is not a disease in itself; rather, it is triggered by diseases that damage blood vessels in the kidneys. During Nephrotic syndrome, albumin protein skips through the filters making the body deficit of this important nutrient. Albumin acts as a sponge that takes out or absorbs excess fluid from the body into the bloodstream, where it remains in the kidneys until the body excretes urine during the filtration process. When albumin leaks into the urine, it loses its capacity to absorb fluid from the body, causing edema—Nephrotic syndrome results from faulty or damaged glomeruli. Glomeruli are the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys and act as the filters. They help remove wastes and excess fluids from the blood and send them back to the bladder as urine.

During Nephrotic syndrome, the healthy kidneys allow glomeruli to filter the waste products and smaller protein molecules. However, in case there is a problem in the re-absorption process, the glomeruli allow 3 grams or more protein to leak into the urine when you measure it over a 24-hour period. It is nearly 20 times the amount allowed by the healthy glomeruli.

Causes

You might have a medical condition that is affecting your kidneys directly or indirectly. Doctors call them a primary and secondary cause of the Nephrotic syndrome.

Some of the conditions that can damage your glomeruli include:-

  • Minimal change disease:- It is the main cause of Nephrotic syndrome in children. If the kidney tissues in people with MCD are examined under the microscope, it looks normal. There is no exact reason why MCD affects kidneys from working. Various causes attached to minimal change disease include allergic reactions, certain medications, use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.
  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, or FSGS:- It is a disease that scars the glomeruli. It’s the primary cause of Nephrotic syndrome in adults. It is triggered by a virus, such as hepatitis, HIV, or medications.
  • Membranous nephropathy:- In membranous nephropathy, the membranes of the glomeruli thicken and perform outwardly. The causes of this thickening of the glomeruli are attributed to cancer, malaria, hepatitis B, and lupus.
  • Diabetes:- It is yet another secondary cause of the Nephrotic syndrome. The damage caused to the kidneys due to diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy.
  • Lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus):- It is a chronic immune system disease that leads to inflammation in the glomeruli and seriously damages the kidneys.
  • Amyloidosis:- It happens because of amyloid proteins in the blood that can damage the kidneys.

Symptoms

Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by the following:

  • a high amount of albumin present in the urine (albuminuria).
  • high cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood (hyperlipidemia).
  • low levels of albumin in the blood (hypoalbuminemia).
  • swelling (edema), particularly in your ankles and feet and around your eyes.

In addition to the above symptoms, people with Nephrotic syndrome may also experience:

  1. foamy urine
  2. weight gain from fluid buildup in the body
  3. fatigue
  4. appetite loss

Complications

The loss of proteins from the body can lead to a variety of consequences during nephrotic syndrome. Blood may start to clot when protein is absent in your body. Such clots can affect the blood flow and oxygen flow to the different parts of the body.

Immunoglobulins lost due to Nephrotic syndrome that helps fight against disease and infection. This means you are prominently under the risk of infections, such as pneumonia, a skin infection, peritonitis, and meningitis. Medications given to prevent these infections can further increase the risk of these types of infections and kidney damage ultimately.

Other complications of Nephrotic syndrome may include:

  • Hypothyroidism: It is the deficiency of thyroid hormone in the body due to the inefficiency of the thyroid gland.
  • Anemia: It is a condition in which red blood cells appear to be smaller than normal or are fewer in number resulting in the deficiency of oxygen in the body’s cells.
  • Coronary artery disease: It is also called coronary heart disease, prompted by the narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart.
  • High blood pressure: High blood pressure means the blood flows through the blood vessels with a greater force than normal.
  • Acute kidney injury: It is the sudden instance of the loss of kidney function.

Diet

Diet is important for managing Nephrotic syndrome. It is important to limit the amount of salt in your meals to prevent swelling and to manage blood pressure. Your doctor may suggest drinking less fluid than normal as fluid is already accumulating in the cells at this time.
Nephrotic syndrome can alleviate cholesterol and triglycerides levels, so make sure to intake a diet low in fat and cholesterol.

Ayurvedic Medicine for Nephrotic Syndrome

Although you may be losing a lot of protein at this time, eating extra protein would not do any good. A high-protein diet can make Nephrotic syndrome more severe.

Treatment

The best treatment for Nephrotic syndrome includes taking Ayurvedic medications that are made from natural herbs and spices only. The herbs have the natural tendency to revive the damaged portion of the glomeruli so that proteins are prevented from skipping out. It is totally authentic and holds no side-effects.

Author's Bio: 

Nephrotic syndrome is not a disease in itself; rather, it is triggered by diseases that damage blood vessels in the kidneys. During Nephrotic syndrome, albumin protein skips through the filters making the body deficit of this important nutrient.