The testis is a crucial "sexual" organ in the male genitalia, and the sperm that affects fertility is hidden in the testis. If testicular lesions occur, men will not only ball pain but also cause infertility and other troubles. Testicles are so important that men should quickly understand what testicular diseases are, and early prevention is better than late treatment.

Testicular disease 1: Epididymitis

The man did not get timely treatment after getting a urinary system infection. The bacteria invaded the epididymis along the vas deferens, causing an epididymitis attack.

Acute epididymitis usually occurs on one side, with an acute onset. The initial manifestation is the rapid enlargement of one side of the scrotum, accompanied by pain, which radiates to the lower abdomen of the same side of the groin. It may be accompanied by chills, high fever, and gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting. In addition, there may be elevated body temperature, urethral secretions, and moderate hydrocele. Men need to see a doctor in time.

In treatment, patients are generally required to stay in bed, hold up the scrotum, and avoid sexual life. In terms of drug selection, the first is the use of antibiotics. Empirically, it is recommended to use cephalosporins, increase the oral intake of cycloesters or quinolones, and then select sensitive antibiotics according to the culture results. Other drugs include painkillers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and traditional Chinese medicine, such as Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill. If the abscess is formed, surgical incision and drainage can be selected when necessary.

Testicular disease 2: Orchitis

Orchitis is often an extension of epididymitis. Bacteria are still the "culprit" of adult diseases, while children's orchitis is different, which is more caused by the mumps virus.

The symptoms of orchitis include swelling and pain of the testes, redness and swelling of the scrotum skin, distension and pain of the lower abdomen and perineum, and chills and fever in some patients. Patients with orchitis should go to the urological department of the local hospital for regular examination and treatment. If not treated in time, fertility will be affected.

Patients with orchitis generally need intravenous administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics for treatment. You can choose Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill if it is a chronic patient. During the treatment period, the patient should stay in bed and rest, exercise less, avoid strenuous exercise, and hold up the scrotum with soft clothes, which can effectively relieve testicular pain. In addition, the diet should be light and easy to digest.

Testicular disease 3: Testicular injury

The most common symptom of testicular injury is testicular pain. The sensory nerve of the testis is very extensive. If an external force hits it, it will cause severe pain. Some patients may also experience vomiting, transient coma, shock, etc. The patient may also have scrotal edema or hematoma, mainly related to the size of the external force, the impact site, and whether the testicles are damaged.

In case of testicular trauma, it is necessary to go to the hospital in time for a physical examination and imaging examination to determine whether there is rupture and bleeding of the testicles and whether there is hematoma in the scrotum.

Testicular disease 4: Testicular torsion

After the torsion, the testes will become swollen and enlarged, and the patient will have obvious pain. Some patients may even become unconscious due to severe pain, while others may experience nausea and vomiting due to severe pain. The testicular pain after torsion is not intermittent but continuous. If the patient touches the testicles, he will feel obvious tenderness, and the pain will be further aggravated. But where the pain is, the patient himself, is not clear.

After a color Doppler ultrasound examination, it can be found that the testes of patients have apparent abnormalities. If testicular torsion can be found early, it is possible to give a reduction for improvement. If the time exceeds 6 hours, the damage will be irreversible, even you will never have this testicle.

Testicular disease 5: Testicular rupture

The male testis is a fragile organ used to store male essence. The testis is located in a shallow position without protective equipment, which has been vulnerable to attack since ancient times. A violent blow is enough to smash the testicles. With the severe pain of the testicles, the man suddenly faints, sweating, nausea, and dizziness come together. If the spermatic artery breaks or ruptures, it will be challenging to repair.

Testicular disease 6: Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is not the patent in older men, and it is easy for young people to get it. The appearance of testicular cancer often means that there is cancer in other parts of the body. There is no obvious symptom in the early stage, only a swollen and hard mass in the testicle. Whether there is metastasis or not, testicular cancer is relatively easy to treat. If you feel abnormal, you should seek medical advice in time.

There is no trivial matter about the testicular disease. If it is found in time and treated early, it will lead to infertility and other consequences if treatment is delayed. For your reproductive health, you should pay more attention to your testicles. When you take a bath, you might as well have a manual physical examination to find testicular lesions early.

Author's Bio: 

For more information, please feel free to refer to for details and knowledge.