The Ground Run-up Enclosure (GRE) is a hybrid acoustic and jet blast safety system that enables aircraft engine checking for the first engine runs after manufacture as well as post-maintenance operations for MROs and airlines.

Noise management is important in an airport. A Ground Run-up Enclosure (GRE) is used to reduce disturbance and divert heat and turbulent gases from the normal testing of aircraft engines to preserve the local atmosphere.
GRE must be available as many days as possible during the year. As a result, it must be constructed in an aerodynamically sound manner. Owing to a lack of ventilation or re-entry of hot exhaust gases from the turbines, whether the GRE is engineered improperly, its utility can be restricted. Delays may occur if the GRE is not available.

GRE is engineered to minimize not only engine noise, but also air turbulence and exhaust re-entry, which may cause engines to stall. Our GRE architecture has undergone rigorous theoretical fluid dynamics research to ensure that it can survive headwind, tailwind, and crosswind.
The dual-purpose offers up to 20dB(A) of acoustic benefits by supplying noise absorption and preventing noise propagation directly to noise-sensitive areas, while still integrating jet blast safety incorporated into the rear wall construction.

The GRE is expected to have an aerodynamically safe testing atmosphere for all aircraft in as large a variety of meteorological conditions as practicable, which is what decides the performance of a facility design.
The result is a GRE with superior acoustic and aerodynamic efficiency in the broadest spectrum of environmental conditions imaginable.

Marine Exhaust

Cooling water is injected into the exhaust pipe of water-cooled inboard engines, which cools the exhaust and reduces engine noise. The water is then pushed out the exhaust pipe by the exhaust. A wet exhaust device is what this is called. Wet exhaust systems have the benefit of cooling and quieting the exhaust by using the heat-absorbing and sound-dampening properties of water.
Marine mufflers, which are usually constructed of non-metallic materials, are used on powerboats to reduce engine noise and cool the exhaust. Mufflers are often located above the waterline, and check valves are normally installed in-line to avoid backward water leakage, which could destroy the engine.

Powerboats and sailboats both use lift mufflers like Vernalift. They're vertical mufflers with an outlet line running from the top of the bottle, placed below the waterline. Soon after the exhaust manifold, the exhaust gas and spent cooling water merge and flow together into the muffler's cavity, where the cooling water gathers until the exhaust gas energy forces out the rest of the exhaust hose. Whether the boat is sailing, the mufflers' chamber also serves as a collection point for seawater from following seas. An inline muffler may be used downstream of a lift muffler for increased quieting.

The two most fundamental problems that must be comprehended and resolved are:

1. A protected structure for the boat, the crew, and the engine that is long-lasting and meets the manufacturer's specifications for back pressure and water access.
2. The exhaust configuration and/or mechanism must suit the boat and function in such a way that water does not enter the engine even though anything goes wrong, and the system must appear “politically correct.”

Size of the Exhaust

When we talk of "marine exhaust," we normally mean a "wet" solution, but it's important to remember that there are two components of this "wet" method.

There are TWO distinct portions of the exhaust system/piping in most exhaust systems used in the form of boats (150-800 HP diesel engines). The DRY portion and the WET part. These two parts are present also on the factory-supplied 90 degrees "wet elbow," but several people are unaware of it.

Author's Bio: 

Jenny Clarke is a professional writer, blogger, who writes for a variety of online publications. She loves writing blogs and promoting websites related to education, beauty, fashion, travel, health, tax preparation and technology sectors.