A case where a couple gets unable to give birth to a child due to physical problems in men is considered as male infertility. Basically, male infertility is divided into two categories, namely unexplained male infertility and idiopathic male infertility. Infertility in today's world has been considered as a common clinical problem that affects near about 13-15% of couples worldwide. It has been said that a male factor is solely accountable for infertility in approximately 20 % cases and contributory in an added 30-40% of couples. Even a male factor is associated in more than half of couples attempting to conceive.

Male Infertility Causes

A decrease in the potential of male infertility can be due to acquired or congenital conditions like varicocele, genetic abnormalities, urogenital abnormalities, infections of the genital tract, endocrine disturbances, immunologic problems, testicular failure, cancer, systematic diseases, exposure to gonadotoxic factors and altered lifestyle. Sometimes the actual cause of fertility impairment can't be determined in several cases, regardless of the advances in diagnosis by the beginning of novel sophisticated tests.
Men who live a healthy lifestyle have better chances to produce healthy sperm. We have somehow heard that smoking, alcohol and other recreational drugs are injurious to health. In the same way, they affect fertility as well. Smoking is responsible to harm the body in different ways. It also decreases sperm cell motility and sperm count. Anabolic steroid use can cause infertility and testicular shrinkage. Doing exercise on a regular basis is an ideal and healthy thing to perform, but overly intense exercise develops high levels of adrenal steroid hormones that cause a deficiency of testosterone and results in infertility.
Even excessive stress can lead towards fertility in men. There are some other causes like malnutrition, anaemia, inadequate vitamin C and Zinc in the diet that can contribute towards the same. Also, try to avoid wearing tight underwear that is able to increase scrotal temperature and eventually results in decreased production of sperm. Exposure to environmental toxins and hazards like lead, radioactive substances, benzene, boron, heavy metals, mercury, radiation, paint, and pesticides can also make participation in praising fertility problems.

Male Infertility Symptoms

There are no obvious signs of male infertility in many cases, but a man can face problems in sexual activity, ejaculation, and erections. Their semen will look ordinary to the naked eye.

About Unexplained And Idiopathic Male Infertility

Infertility of unidentified origin contains idiopathic and unexplained male infertility. It is a condition where fertility impairment happens instinctively or due to an unknown or unclear cause. Unexplained male infertility is engaged for infertile men that contain unknown origin with ordinary semen and in which factors of female infertility are ruled out. On the other side, idiopathic male infertility refers to have an unexplained reduction in the quality of semen with no history linked with fertility issues and have ordinary findings on physical examination and endocrine lab testing. Their routine analysis of semen displays decreased number or oligozoospermia, an increased proportion of abnormal forms called teratozoospermia and decreased motility.

Male Infertility Treatment

Treatment will be decided upon the cause of infertility. Many infertility issues can be treated without the help of surgery. There are medications which can fix the problems in many cases. Anejaculation is one of those non-surgical treatments applied for specific male infertility conditions. It is done when there is an absence of semen. Though it is not common there are various causes like prior surgery, other mental, emotional or unknown problems, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, spinal cord injury and abnormalities present at birth. Firstly drugs are tried to treat this condition. If it doesn't work rectal probe electroejaculation is implemented which most is often done under anaesthesia. Another one is penile vibratory stimulation that is applied to vibrate the shaft and tip of the penis to assist in getting a natural climax.
There are different types of surgical therapies available for treating male infertility like varicocele treatment. Varicocele treatment can be fixed with the help of minor outpatient surgery known as varicocelectomy. If the semen is lacking with sperm due to blockage, there are many surgical choices to opt.
For treating unknown causes of male infertility, there are things like assisted reproductive techniques that are ways to get pregnant without attempting for sexual intercourse. It contains intrauterine insemination, in-vitro fertilization, testicular sperm extraction, testicular fine needle aspiration, percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration, microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection

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Male Infertility : It is better to find out the cause of infertility if symptoms are arising.