A liver transplant is a surgical procedure that replaces a diseased liver from one individual with all or a part of a healthy liver from another person, called a donor. The liver is your largest internal organ. An adult weighs about 3 lbs.

It is just below your diaphragm on the right side of your belly. Your liver does many important things, including making protein and breaking down nutrients in food to help your body produce energy. You may require a transplant if your liver is not working as it should. This is called liver failure.
Liver failure may occur suddenly as a result of viral hepatitis, drug injury, or infection.

This is called acute or fulminant liver failure. It may also be the result of a long term (chronic) problem. Conditions that can cause chronic liver failure include Chronic hepatitis with cirrhosis Primary biliary cholangitis. A rare disease in which your immune system destroys your bile ducts Sclerosing cholangitis, scarring and narrowing of the bile ducts inside and outside your liver, causing bile to accumulation Biliary atresia. This rare liver disease affects newborns.

Alcohol abuse Liver cancers such as hepatocellular carcinoma Wilson's disease, which causes unusual levels of copper throughout your entire body.

How are individuals selected for a liver transplant?
Your physician may recommend a liver transplant if he has ruled out other treatment for your condition and believes you're healthy enough for surgery. They'll direct you to a transplant centre. There you will speak with specialists and do tests to find out if you can get a transplant.

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