Epididymitis is a common male disease, which is more common in young and middle-aged people. It can affect sperm maturation and fertility, and it can also block epididymis and affect sperm output, which can lead to clinical infertility.

Therefore, once epididymitis occurs, we must actively seek the help of a specialist. Treatment includes bed rest, using ice bags, painkillers, oral antibiotics, or traditional Chinese medicine. Acute epididymitis should be adequately rested and given antibiotics for treatment.

Chronic epididymitis and chronic prostatitis often exist at the same time. Therefore, the general treatment measures are the same as chronic prostatitis, and the symptoms of chronic epididymitis can be relieved while treating prostatitis. A herbal medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill developed by Dr. Li Xiaoping has the effect of clearing away heat and detoxification, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.

It adheres to the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine's overall treatment and can not only treat the disease area but also inhibit the further spread of inflammation. Besides, it can also treat inflammation and other parts of the spread of infection, and its role is to affect the entire tissue system.

If the epididymis is unfortunately infected with pathogenic microorganisms, causing congestion and edema in the lumen, and its ability to nurture sperm is naturally reduced, or even in a state of inaction.

All kinds of nutrients secreted by epididymis will be significantly reduced, which will weaken the sperm ability and eventually lead to an increase in the ratio of inactive sperm or dead sperm. Even the motile sperm has weak activity, which leads to asthenospermia or dead sperm disease.

1. Decrease sperm motility

After pathogens infect epididymis, some pathogens (e.g., E.coli) can directly damage sperm, inhibit it activity, to reduce its activity. Some pathogens (e.g., mycoplasma and chlamydia) are adsorbed so that their activity is reduced or even lost. The toxins produced by pathogens can also poison the fragile sperm, which significantly increases its mortality.

At the same time, bodyguards such as white blood cells and giant cells may kill or injure sperm by mistake. A large number of metabolites produced by inflammatory reactions will also poison sperm, or change its living environment, reduce motility, increase dead sperm, and reduce the number and so on.

2. Block the passage of sperm

If epididymitis is caused by mycoplasma, chlamydia and other pathogens, it will cause damage to sperm. And it can easily cause the blockage of epididymal lumen, resulting in obstruction of the connection between the tail of the epididymis and the vas deferens.

It is a kind of irreversible epididymitis sequelae. Sperm can not leave the epididymal tube when it is blocked. It can only be slowly trapped or slaughtered, resulting in obstructive oligozoospermia or azoospermia.

3. Trap sperm

When the epididymis is inflamed, the body's self-defense system will act immediately. Immune cells such as leukocytes, lymphocytes, and humoral immune substances enter the inflamed epididymis tube, which will produce a clearance reaction to pathogens, form the immune medical response, and generate immune cells.

Simultaneously, the recognition ability of immune cells to the body's tissues is significantly reduced, directly with the sperm. The antigens in the plasma react with each other to form anti-sperm antibodies. After the sperm antibody is formed, it is mixed in the semen, and the sperm can not be released, or it can be surrounded, or firmly adsorbed on the sperm surface so that it has no place to hide. As a result, the sperm's ability to move is significantly reduced, or several or dozens of sperm agglomerate, affecting the forward movement.

At the same time, antibodies can also enter the blood circulation, which has a broader range of adverse effects on the function of reproductive organs, making the spermatogenic function of testis abnormal, resulting in azoospermia.

Special tips: to retain the fertility of patients to a large extent, treatment must be thorough. In addition to drug treatment, men also need to avoid excessive sexual life, avoid smoking, alcohol, spicy food stimulation, and prevent congestion and aggravation of inflammation.

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