The thyroid gland of a body generally releases different types of important hormones which travel through the bloodstream to reach the receptors established throughout the whole body. That's why a disturbance is able to cause widespread and noticeable health peculiarities. The thyroid is known to be a tiny gland situated on the base of our neck, sometimes referred to as butterfly-shaped. The pituitary gland sits on the base of our brain that secretes TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone). TSH allows the thyroid in producing and releasing thyroxine, that is the main thyroid hormone.

Hypothyroidism Causes

Hypothyroidism generally contains two different types of cause out of which the first one is autoimmune thyroiditis or Hashimoto's disease. It is one of the most common causes of thyroid gland failure and a type of thyroid irritation caused by the patient's own immune system.
Another major cause following hypothyroidism can be a vast category of medical treatments. Treatment of many thyroid situations warrants surgical removal of a portion or even complete of the thyroid gland. If the overall mass of thyroid originating cells left within the body becomes unable to meet the requirements of the body, there are chances for the patient to develop hypothyroidism. But one needs to remember this is often the goal of the surgery for thyroid cancer.
Some other rare causes of hypothyroidism include a condition where the thyroid gland is not making enough hormones due to a problem in the pituitary gland. If the pituitary gland becomes unable to produce sufficient TSH, then the thyroid doesn't have the signal to make the hormone, so it doesn't.

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

There are lots of symptoms that can be experienced by a person related to hypothyroidism. Out of which the first one is feeling cold. Heat is supposed to be the byproduct of burning calories. Even if a person is sitting, he's burning a small number of calories. Though, regarding hypothyroidism, the basal metabolic rate of a person decreases and results in reducing the amount of heat they generate.
There can be a weakness and aches in joints and muscles. Low thyroid hormone turns over the metabolic switch to catabolism, that is when the body breaks down body tissues, for example, muscles for energy. At the time of catabolism, there is a decrease in muscle strength, potentially leading towards a feeling of weakness. The procedure of breaking down muscle tissue may also proceed towards aching. People facing hypothyroidism are twice as likely to feel more weak than normal as compared to other healthy people.
There is a link between hypothyroidism and depression. Though the exact reasons behind this fact are unclear, but it can be a mental symptom of an overall decrease in health and energy of a person. Even many patients having hypothyroidism makes a complaint of trouble concentrating and mental fogginess. Constipation is also referred to as one of the common complaints in people facing hypothyroidism.
If women are facing irregular or heavy menstrual periods, there might be a sign of hypothyroidism. Studies have shown that more than one-fourth of women having low thyroid hormone experience irregular and heavy periods. It is because thyroid hormone cooperates with other hormones which control the menstrual cycle or a woman. Abnormal levels of it may disrupt their signals. Even thyroid hormone can directly affect the uterus and ovaries.

Hypothyroidism Treatment

There are various thyroid hormone preparations available for the replacement therapy, but there are some home remedies that can prove to be beneficial in the treatment of hypothyroidism. Wild-caught fish is considered as good food for an underactive thyroid. It is because it delivers omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA that are necessary for the functioning of the thyroid and hormone balancing. Coconut oil is another remedy for hypothyroidism that delivers medium-chain fatty acids in the form of capric, caprylic, and lauric acid that supports a healthy metabolism, fight fatigue and increase energy.
Even patients with hypothyroidism need to take high-fibre foods, at least 30-40 grams per day. It is because there are chances for them to have digestive difficulties. So a high-fibre diet will be helpful not only in keeping the digestive health well but will also improve a healthy weight by making a person feel fuller. They also need to take help from fruits and vegetables as they are high in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. These things are required for lowering inflammation and lowering combating free radical damage.

Author's Bio: 

A condition where the thyroid gland of a person's body becomes underactive and gets unable to make or release the thyroid hormones properly is known as hypothyroidism. Visit INDIRA IVF HOSPITAL