The blood sugar (glucose) level is the amount of glucose found in the blood. Glucose is a sugar that comes from the food we eat, and it's also formed and stored inside the body. It's the main source of energy for the cells of our body, and it's carried to each cell through the bloodstream.

Hyperglycemia is known for high blood sugar levels, where glucose builds up in the blood. High blood sugar levels happen when the body either can't make insulin (type 1 diabetes) or can't respond to insulin properly (type 2 diabetes). The body needs insulin so glucose in the blood can enter the cells of the body where it can be used for energy.

Hyperglycemia, if not treated, can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve problems.

People often experience the below symptoms when blood sugar levels are high:
• People with high blood sugar need to urinate more often and in larger amounts
• People who lose fluid from urinating more often become more thirsty
• The body begins to break down muscle and stored fat, losing weight even though your appetite has stayed the same
• Feeling tired all the time

There are many reasons for high blood sugar levels.

1. Not getting enough insulin or other diabetes medication can cause a high blood sugar levels. Diabetes medications may need to be changed or be adjusted, but before doing so, check with your diabetes health care team. Make sure that you take the proper type of insulin and the correct dose at the right time, and that all equipment such as pumps and meters are working, and that the insulin has not expired.

2. Not following the meal plan set can cause a high blood sugar levels. Work with a registered dietitian to make adjustments to your meal plan as needed. Adjust insulin/pills when you eat more or less than recommended on your meal plan.

3. Not getting enough exercise can cause a high blood sugar levels. Regular exercise maintains your weight and can improve your insulin sensitivity. One of the easiest moderate-intensity activities is walking for 30 minutes five or more times a week, swimming or riding a bike.

4. Illness or stress have increased, can cause a high blood sugar levels. Contact your diabetes health care team or seek ideas on how to manage stress from others suffering from stress on Social Medicine.

5. The use of other medications can increase blood sugar levels. Contact your diabetes health care team if you start taking any other medication, otherwise your insulin or pills may need to be adjusted while you take the medication that's causing high blood sugar levels.

Changing your lifestyle doesn’t mean living in deprivation. You can continue to eat and enjoy your favorite foods, and best of all, you don’t have to give up sweets or resign to carbohydrate counting. But you’ll probably need to learn some better eating habits. But what does eating right for diabetes mean? A diabetes diet is simply a healthy eating plan that is high in nutrients, low in fat, and moderate in calories.

The diabetes community found on Social Medicine supports you and the changes you make to your lifestyle. Within this community you can ask questions and discuss your insulin or meal plans, and compare to see whether they may need adjusting, or you may have an equipment issue, like an insulin pump that isn't working properly. Whatever the case, you can raise it within the diabetes community, to ensure you can get your blood sugar levels back under control.

Author's Bio: 

Michael Dornan is a passionate IT executive, who suffers from a condition, saw there was more that could be done to connect patients, created Social-medicine.org that intends to globally connect and help people.

Social-medicine.org, a health based social networking site, helps people suffering from a variety of health conditions, to globally connect, help and share information with others in similar situations, by focusing on bridging the gap of patient-to-patient communication, and patient-to-practitioner communication, with all the social networking features and functionality expected in today’s society.

Social Medicine fosters community support, where real people in similar situations come together, to circumvent negative feelings like disconnection and loneliness, and focus on improving self-esteem, understanding, communication, relationships, and peer support.