Smart contracts are self Executing programs to trigger the process as earlier precisely described publicly among the parties involved in the transaction. It automates the process when it meets the described criteria. A smart contract ensures decentralization and transparency as the partner himself unable to alter the code, and access is denied.

Characteristics of the Smart contracts

Smart contracts can depend on each other. It can be segmented as part by part on your program to implement it one another. This can be achieved through another smart contract which evokes the start of the second smart contract on the completion of the first program.

Things in smart contracts
Workings of smart contracts depend upon three combined parts, the signatories, the course of the agreement, and multiple terms involved in any smart contracts. Signatories are the party’s approval of the set of directions mentioned in the contract. The digital signature of the signers of the smart contracts which works as proof of a consensus among the parties.

The added segment of the smart contract is the “course of agreement” that operates within the smart contract or the set of rules, to the specific terms in a smart contract.
It consists of the following process on them

Rules of agreement
Rewards of agreement
Punishments associated with said terms

Connection with cryptocurrencies

Smart contracts and cryptocurrencies follow each other. As decentralized protocols mainly operate with smart contracts, so do the decentralized cryptocurrencies. Moreover, both cryptocurrencies and smart contracts mutually dependent on each other.

Advantages of Smart contracts

The Smart contract helps in the automation process of any transactions with highly efficient and faster ways. Smart contracts assure the trust among the parties involved with reliable execution and automation of the process.

Smart contracts applications in real life

Smart contracts have become an undetachable part of blockchain technology. As smart contracts not only provide you with a ledger of trust but also solves the possible confusion on the accuracy, transparency, and automated process.
These are a few examples of the Smart contract invoked industries

Financial services industry
Automobile industry
Real estate business
Health care sector
Management sector

Smart contracts keep records of the data present in the encoded form and stored in the blockchain. All the records stored in the public ledger can be accessed by authorized persons. A smart contract is an efficient tool for automating your business process with the help of Blockchain.
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Author's Bio: 

Smart Contract Development Company
Implementing customizable smart contracts on the decentralized network for several industry verticals, despite the size of the business, to automate the work processes by eliminating the need for trusted third party