Migraine attacks are completely different from normal headaches. Migraine attacks caused moderate to severe headache on one side of the head. It also includes other symptoms. To understand whether you are suffering from migraine, it is better to understand the symptoms or any triggers that you get.
What are the triggers?
The cause of the migraine attack is still not known. There could be the possibility that there is various abnormal activity in the brain that leading to such a problem. Here are some of the common triggers to set off migraines -
Mainly occurring in women, during the time of menstruation. There is an increasing level of hormonal changes.
Migraine could be triggered through different emotional issues like stress, anxiety, depression and so on.
Lack of posture, tiredness, insufficient sleep or physical overexertion could also trigger migraines.
Intake of too much alcohol also triggers migraines.
Certain types of food like chocolate, cheese, citrus fruits, and foods contain additive tyramine leading to migraine pain.
Having irregular mealtimes and dehydration could also lead to migraine.
Stuffy rooms, change in temperature, bright lights, strong smells, second-hand smoke and loud noises could also trigger a migraine.
Treatment for migraine mainly focuses on stopping the symptoms and preventing future attacks. Many modifications have been formulating for migraine treatment. There could be two segments of the same. Your treatment depends upon the severity and the frequency of your headaches. This also includes symptoms and other medical conditions.
Medications for relief
This sort of medications is the best when you get to experience the symptoms in the first place. Medications can be used to treat -
Pain Killers - This can include aspirin, ibuprofen. When it takes way too long, this could because the overuse of medication can lead to ulcers and bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.
Migraine relief medications combining caffeine, aspirin and acetaminophen could be helpful. It is effective for mild migraine pain.
There are prescription drugs like sumatriptan (Imitrex, Tosymra) and rizatriptan (Maxalt) used for migraine pain relief. It could relieve you from pain but should not cause health risks.
Dihydroergotamines (D.H.E. 45, Migranal). Available as a nasal spray or injection. It is highly effective when taken shortly after the start of migraine symptoms. People with coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, or kidney or liver disease should avoid dihydroergotamine.
Lasmiditan (Reyvow). It is a new oral tablet approved for the migraine treatment , with or without aura. This medication leaves a dizziness effect which can last up to 8 hours. It should not be taken with alcohol or other drugs.
Opioid medications. Patients who cannot take migraine medications can take this. It is highly addictive. This should only be taken when no other treatments are effective.
Preventive medications
Medications that will help in the prevention against frequent migraines. Your doctors will be prescribing it to you when you suffer from frequent and long-lasting pains. Preventive medication focuses on reducing the effect of migraine attacks. These include -
Blood pressure-lowering medications. Medicines include propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL, others) and metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor). Calcium channel blockers such as verapamil (Calan, Verelan, others) may help prevent migraines with aura.
Antidepressants., A tricyclic antidepressant (amitriptyline), can help in the prevention against migraines. It also has its set of side effects like sleepiness and weight gain.
Anti-seizure drugs. Valproate (Depacon) and topiramate (Topamax) can help in having less frequent migraines. Its side effects are dizziness, weight changes, nausea and more.
Botox injections. Injections of onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) about every 12 weeks help prevent migraines in some adults.
Conclusion -
Regardless of the medicines, you come across, it is always better to visit a doctor if you are suffering from severe and frequent pain. Your doctor is the only person who will diagnose the root cause and prescribe you with the right medications.

Author's Bio: 

Migraine could be triggered through different emotional issues like stress, anxiety, depression and so on.