Hemorrhoids are abnormally swollen veins in the rectum and anus. When these veins are irritated, they cause surrounding membranes to swell, burn, itch, become painful, and in many cases bleed.

Hemorrhoids bleed once the arteries rupture, for example from straining throughout a bowel movement. Because bleeding is usually a sign of colon cancer or colon polyps, you should check with your doctor if you have bleeding from your rectum, blood on your stools, or blood inside toilet from a bowel movement.

Hemorrhoids are a common problem. Most people will get them as they get older. Trauma towards the anus and any type of straining might make hemorrhoids worse.

Risk factors to result in in addition to constipation and straining with bowel movements include constant sitting, diarrhea, severe or chronic coughing, pregnancy and childbirth, or hard work.

Conservative measures are successful in alleviating symptoms for most patients with hemorrhoidal disease:


Clinical trials have demonstrated that adding fiber towards the diet through supplementation with psyllium or appropriate commercially ready fiber preparations may significantly reduce bleeding episodes associated with hemorrhoidal disease. Psyllium in addition to methylcellulose adds bulk to stools, which makes them softer and simpler to pass through.

Irritation and itching (pruritus):

Irritation and pruritus connected with hemorrhoids could be treated by various measures like the following:

Warm sitz baths - During sitz baths, the rectal area is immersed in warm water for approximately 10-15 minutes 2-3 times daily. Sitz baths can be purchased in most drugstores; additionally, portable bowls are commercially accessible which facilitate their utilization in the workplace. The potency of warm sitz baths may be due in part to relaxation with the internal anal sphincter.

Fiber supplementation could help to ease itching potentially related to fecal soilage, since their bulking effect may reduce leakage of rectal contents.

Application of various pain-relieving (analgesic) creams:

Creams and suppositories, particularly hydrocortisone, should not be employed for longer than 1 week unless directed because of your doctor, simply because they may lead to certain unwanted effects, for instance skin rash and inflammation (contact dermatitis) with pain-relieving creams or skin wasting (atrophy) with steroid creams.

Patients who continue to have symptoms inspite of the conservative measures described above could be candidates for one of varied techniques developed to help remedy symptomatic hemorrhoids. This may include rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, cryotherapy, laser coagulation or surgery.

Hemorrhoid Treatment

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