In any setting such as a school, restaurant, or even a home, it is important to be prepared for the worst-case scenario because it can always happen any time without warning. That is why companies are busy making and supplying first aid kits all over. In this article, I am going to look at various CPR techniques in existence today so that you can know how they function because you never know when you will be in an emergency situation next.

High-frequency chest compressions
High-frequency chest compression is a method that has been studied for a long period of time and determined to be very effective for the resuscitation process from cardiac arrest. The compression rate of this resuscitative procedure should be over 120 compressions per minute. Clinical data in this method is still limited, but the little that is available has indicated that high-frequency compressions are more effective when compared to conventional compressions. In normal situations, it is recommended to maintain chest compressions at the rate of at least 100 compressions per minute.

Because of the lack of data or the availability of limited data, it may not be recommendable to use this method routinely on cardiac arrest victims. However, highly trained individuals may consider this method as an alternative for other CPR methods if they deem it necessary. This determination will however be made based on a case by case basis.

Open-chest CPR
Like the name suggests, this process is usually performed with an opening made into the chest cavity. Usually, the person performing the CPR will have to access the heart through a thoracotomy, which is created via the fifth left intercostal space. The compressions are done by use of fingers and the thumb. Similarly, compressions can be done using extended fingers pressed against the sternum.

This method usually results in blood pressure that is higher compared to that achieved when CPR is done with the chest closed. The comparison between open-chest CPR and closed-chest CPR have not been compared adequately because of lack of data. Due to lack of adequate data, it is difficult to recommend this method to be used on a routine basis on patients. Besides that, this method requires a lot of medical expertise in order to be done effective without causing further damage.

Open-chest CPR should be used on people who have experienced blunt or chest-penetrating trauma.

Interposed abdominal compression-CPR
The abbreviation IAN-CPR is often used to denote interposed abdominal compression. This method is usually applied by three rescuers with each performing a specific task. One rescuer will be providing abdominal compressions, the second one will be compressing the chest, and the third one will be providing ventilations. Basically, this process offers alternating abdominal compressions and chest compressions.

The person who is providing abdominal compressions has to compress the abdomen midway between the umbilicus and the xiphoid. They should provide this compression during relaxation period of chest compressions. This process requires the rescuers to be highly trained in delivering this kind of CPR. In fact, this is a process that should only be provided by health practitioners.

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Author's Bio: 

Open-chest CPR should be used on people who have experienced blunt or chest-penetrating trauma.