It is a widely agreed-upon theory that too much sun exposure can cause skin cancer. Just as sitting outside in the sun for hours upon hours can damage and distort the DNA skin cells, allowing the body to become more susceptible to skin cancer, indoor tanning can do just the same thing. Your chance of getting melanoma increases by seventy five percent if you have had excess exposure to the UV radiation that is emitted from indoor tanning facilities. In addition to being a catalyst for skin cancer, this can also lead to premature ageing, immune suppression, eye damage, cataracts, and ocular melanoma.

Contrastingly, it is better to tan out beneath the real sun, as many studies have concluded that sunshine can offer vitamin D and even lower some cancer mortality rates, improving the body's immune system.

However, too much sun is still extremely dangerous and can certainly cause melanoma and skin cancer. Melanoma only occurs in sun-exposed areas, like the arms, throat, neck, shoulders, face, causing the skin to often become darkly pigmented or to ooze, bleed, itch, or experience pain or tenderness. The skin cells get damaged and mutated by the exposure to the sun, making your chance of getting skin cancer far greater if you spent a lot of time in the sunshine.

There are ways to prevent skin cancer and melanomas and all of them regard taking precautions against the sunshine. To avoid increasing your chances, avoid the sun between 10 in the morning and 4 in the afternoon. That is the time the rays of the sun are most intense and most dangerous. Always seek shade and try to stay in the shade as often as possible of you are outside. Follow the shadow rule that says that if your shadow is shorter than you, the sun's rays are most intense and that is the time you need to make sure you are in the shade.

Always cover up when you go outside with as much clothing as the weather will permit. Try to wear clothing that is not see-through so that it is more effective in blocking out the sun's rays and protecting your skin. Always wear sunscreen to avoid the harshness of the sun on areas of your face that you cannot cover up. It is a proven fact that the sun's rays can cause melanoma and or skin cancer on your face and neck and other areas that are frequently exposed to the sunlight. Thus, wear a hat with a wide brim to protect your eyes and face and cover up any exposed parts with sunscreen application.

Always wear sunglasses when out, especially ones with UV absorption to protect your eyes from the harmful rays of the sun. Know that even on cloudy days, the sun's rays can still affect you and can still distort the cells in your skin, increasing your chances of melanoma.

Avoid tanning beds and sun lamps, as they have been proven to be even more dangerous than the sun because of their intense and concentrated UV radiation and ability to attack your skin cells and cause you to contract the disease with greater ease.

Author's Bio: 

Roberto Sedycias works as IT consultant for Polomercantil