Women are fertile only a few days a month, during the ovulation period. A very short time. We give you the techniques to recognize them.


Understanding your menstrual cycle

Take an ovulation test

Perform a temperature curve

Observe the cervical mucus

Want a baby? To put the odds in your favor , you must first get to know your monthly cycle well.

Understanding your menstrual cycle

It normally lasts 28 days, but varies from 25 to 35 days depending on the women. It includes three phases.

First of all there are the rules in the follicular phase, as a result of which follicles form. Only one (the corpus luteum) can become an oocyte if it is fertilized by a sperm.

In the second step, there is ovulation , instant T which allows the start of a pregnancy if there is sexual intercourse. This is the time when the oocyte is released from the ovary.

The luteal phase is the last of the cycle. At this point, everything is in place to receive an egg. If fertilization has not taken place, the corpus luteum disappears, and the cycle begins again.

Note the date of your period each month to better understand your cycle, and therefore your ovulation period.

If the follicular phase is variable, ovulation, it always takes place fourteen days before the first day of menstruation.

The most favorable days for fertilization are the three days preceding the day of ovulation or, at the latest, the two days following it.

Take an ovulation test

It determines the ovulatory peak, the one that allows fertilization. The ovulation test calculates the level of luteinizing hormone (LH) present in the urine or saliva. This is produced in larger quantities just before ovulation.

It must be renewed every presumed day , at the same time (the notice allows you to establish a personal calendar of your cycle).

When the signal is positive, intercourse must take place within 48 hours. Reliability that is beyond 90%. It is a good tool when your cycle is regular.

Perform a temperature curve

The temperature curve lets you know if ovulation occurs, and especially when. On a piece of paper, indicate the dates of the year and the days of your cycle horizontally. Report your temperature in height every day (in tenths of a degree) in order to draw a curve, and note all the events: fever, pain ...

There are nevertheless some precautions to apply to make the temperature curve more reliable:

always use the same thermometer,

take the temperature at the same time, preferably on waking, before getting up,

always use the same method: rectally, axillarily or buccally.

At the start of the cycle, the body temperature stays below 37 ° C. It just decreases during ovulation, then becomes more than 37 ° C the next day. It is when it is at the lowest point that ovulation occurs. It is therefore best to have several sexual relations just before and during this phase.

Note: the use of such a curve is only valid for those who have a regular menstrual cycle . And above all, do not reduce your sexual intercourse under this pretext. Remember that the fertility period is around five days.

Observe the cervical mucus

The cervical mucus changes in appearance throughout your cycle. A clue that says a lot about the approach to ovulation.

Secreted by the cervix, the cervical mucus collects sperm and leads it from the vagina to the uterus. It is transparent and fluid during ovulation.

If it stretches like chewing gum or a rubber band by putting it between your fingers, then you are in a fertile period.

On the contrary, after ovulation, the mucus blocks the sperm by becoming thicker and opaque.

We can thus recognize a period of ovulation thanks to the cervical mucus. To increase your chances, do not hesitate to couple the observation of the mucus with the creation of a temperature curve.


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