What is hip replacement surgery?
Hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty) is surgery to exchange a worn-out or damaged hip. The surgeon replaces the old joint with a man-made joint (prosthesis). This surgery could also be a choice after a hip fracture or for severe pain due to arthritis.

Various sorts of arthritis may affect the hip joint:
Osteoarthritis- This is often a degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. it's going to cause the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone within the hips.
Rheumatoid arthritis- this sort of arthritis causes inflammation of the synovial lining of the joint. It causes extra synovia. it's going to cause severe pain and stiffness.
Traumatic arthritis- this is often arthritis is caused by an injury. it's going to also damage the hip cartilage.
The goal of hip replacement surgery is to exchange the parts of the hip that are damaged. It also helps relieve hip pain that can’t be controlled by other treatments.
A traditional hip replacement involves an incision several inches long over the hip. a more modern approach uses 1 or 2 smaller incisions to try to the surgery. this is often called minimally invasive hip replacement. But the minimally invasive procedure isn't fitted to all people that need a hip replacement. Your healthcare provider will find out the simplest procedure for you.
Why might I want hip replacement surgery?
Hip replacement surgery may be a treatment for pain and disability within the hip. Osteoarthritis is the commonest reason for hip replacement surgery.
Osteoarthritis causes loss of joint cartilage within the hip. Damage to the cartilage and bones limits movement and should cause pain. People with severe pain from a degenerative joint disease might not be ready to do normal activities that involve bending at the hip. These activities include walking and sitting.
Other sorts of arthritis-like atrophic arthritis and arthritis that result from a hip injury also can damage the hip.
Hip replacement can also be wont to treat certain hip fractures. A fracture is an injury often from a fall. Pain from a fracture is severe. Walking or maybe moving the leg causes pain.
If other medical treatments don't control your arthritis pain, your healthcare provider may recommend a hip replacement. Some medical treatments for a degenerative joint disease may include:

• Anti-inflammatory medicines
• Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate
• Pain medicines
• Limiting activities that are painful
• Assistive devices for walking like a cane
• Physical therapy

Your healthcare provider may produce other reasons to recommend hip replacement surgery.

What are the risks of hip replacement surgery?
Any surgery can have complications. Some possible complications may include:
• Bleeding
• Infection
• Blood clots within the legs or lungs
• Dislocation
• Need for revision or additional hip surgery
• Nerve injury that causes weakness, numbness, or both
You may produce other risks counting on your specific health condition. Discuss any concerns together with your healthcare provider before the surgery.

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