Definition of a Scientific Research Proposal

A scientific research proposal can be defined as,

“A scientific research proposals offer information on a proposed research topic, including what the research is, by whom it is to be researched and budgets.”

Scientific research begins with the writing of a research proposal which in detail explains how the researcher intends to carry out the research. The proposal gives the reader or the evaluator a clear idea of the goal of the researcher and the importance of the research.
Format of a Scientific Research Proposal
Title Page

Title page is the first part of a scientific research proposal. The title must be short, succinct and concise. It must express in few words what the research will be all about. The title page must contain the name of the researcher, name of the supervisor and the signatures of the approval authority.
Summary

Next is the summary page. It summarizes the research to be done. It also highlights the key aspects of the research and time line. The summary is usually not beyond one page.
Introduction

Emphasize the importance of the proposed research and describe the research topic or theme. This is usually done in one or two paragraphs. It should be stated in the introduction whether a relationship exists between the proposed research and research undertaken before.

If no such research has been undertaken previously, this should be pointed out. Remember that the introduction should not discuss the research topic in depth.
Literature Review

A short literature review is an important part of a scientific research proposal. It sets the foundation of research and explains what makes the research in a particular area beneficial.
Motivation

Here the researcher must mention the source of interest in the theme or topic. Indicate what is proposed with the research. For example, the topic was selected because of practical problems experienced in the particular field.
Technical Discussion

Technical discussion makes the crux of the scientific research proposal. It encompasses the conceptual framework of the research, its objectives, methodology, data collection and analysis, research design, schedule, human and financial resources needed etc.
Legal Requirements

A section of legal or contract requirements must be present in a scientific research proposal. It must emphasize the ethical considerations and any licensing or rights required during the course of the research.
Main Points to Consider While Writing a Scientific Research Proposal

A research proposal is a preliminary requirement before writing a research paper. Follow the basic tips and advice on how to write a research proposal for your scientific research paper in addition to the following important guidelines:

There are three main points to consider before writing a scientific research proposal:

Explanation of the proposed research- What will be done?
Methods and techniques to be used- How it will be done?
Significance of the research- Why it should be done?

Definition of Scientific Research?

Scientific Research can be defined as,

“Scientific research is defined by the strategy of understanding how everything works through logical thinking.”

OR

“Research into questions posed by scientific theories and hypotheses”.

Scientists are trained to use scientific method and reach the logical conclusion to any question. Scientific research is useful in defining the laws of nature and our place in the cosmos. Scientific research enables the scientists to carry out a thorough study and create an understanding of the world and nature as it truly is.
Essential Methods of Scientific Research

Four significant elements set up the foundation methods applied in scientific research:

Operation: It refers to an action done on the subject or system under investigation
Observation: Observation is the result of an operation on the system
Model: Model could be a theory, a fact, a phenomena or a hypothesis at a certain moment
Utility Function: Utility function means the usefulness of a model or theory in the explanation, prediction, controlling and costing of research.

Fields in Scientific Research

The fields of scientific research are divided into two broad categories:

Social Sciences
Natural Sciences

Examples of Famous Scientific Research Topics

Typically, scientific papers deal with the following topics in the arena of scientific research:

Stem cell research
Cancer research
Plant research
Psychology research
Human cloning
Global Warming

Author's Bio: 

This article is submitted by Feisty Ash. Log on to www.writeawriting.com to learn more on scientific method and scientific research.