Twenty-seven years ago my father was the general manager of a regional wholesale musical instrument company he’d worked for for twenty years. In his early 40s, with his two oldest in college, he was “let go.” The company was relocating to New York State and my father, refusing to uproot, was cut loose.

As the general recession intensifies, you may find yourself staring into the same uncertain future my father did. Job loss can bring panic, insecurity, identity crisis, loss of direction and a blow to self-esteem. Especially in US/Western culture, we tend to tie a lot of identity and self-worth to our jobs/career/earning power. So, getting laid off can bring up feelings of shame and powerlessness and these feelings make it likely that we’ll repress, deny or hide (or “put in shadow”) the very things that could help us respond with resilience to the loss of a job—or to any crisis.

My aim in this article is to offer some survival skills for managing such a major transition, should you be facing it now—or in the near future. I’ll do this by focusing on three simple, deceptively deep, strategic questions and by pointing out what may need to be brought out of the shadows as you answer each of them. The 3 Questions are:
• What do I want?
• What do I have?
• What do I need?

These three questions offer bearings and ballast; they can help you chart a course through what, for some, is a murky—if not a harrowing—passage.

What do I want?
Harrowing would describe my father’s experience. Work had been his identity. When that was stripped away, he went into shock, anger, self-loathing and depression. The loss of his job left him exposed and disoriented. Gone were the suit and polished shoes waiting on the valet by his bed; gone the role, the mask, the false self that had been the only self he’d known. Eventually, with a lot of help and hard work, he began to uncover a deeper sense of self that had been buried in his years of working three jobs to support a family of five.

In his early teens my father began teaching drum lessons in his parents’ basement (and he’s been teaching ever since). He loved to teach but had never considered it a viable career option. Groping in the dark of his post-lay off passage, he stumbled onto that calling and felt its vibrancy in a new way. What he wanted more than anything was to teach. And he wanted to do it in his own retail drum shop, where he could offer private lessons, sales and repairs.

“What do I want?” is a question that will take you as deep as you care to go and challenge you to be as honest as you’re ready to get. In return, it offers peace: the quiet mind and pile-driven resolve of knowing what you are called to do. The deeper and more honest your answers, the more rooted and resilient you will likely feel.

Here are some tributaries of this question:
• What do I love?
• What is calling me?
• What fulfills and enlivens me?
• What life/lifestyle have I been envisioning for myself?
• What kind of a world do I want to foster and live in?

Your answers to these questions will become your guiding star. They will provide direction, courage and motivation—at a time when you may be lacking in all three.

One could argue that, a generation later, we don’t lose ourselves in our jobs the way my dad did. We don’t expect or grant the same loyalty or longevity we once did when it comes to employment. To which I respond: these questions can serve folks anywhere along the spectrum of the impact of job loss—from massive blow to blessed relief.

Now, here’s a short list of the beliefs that may have to be confronted head-on, or “pulled out of shadow,” in order to answer this very powerful question:
• I don’t get to know or have what I really want
• If I say what I want, I’ll betray _____ (a loved one, an agreement)
• If I claim what I want, no one will care-take me anymore
• If I say what I want, I’ll have to change my life
• If I say what I want, I’ll get shot down

Is it True?
If you bump into one of these beliefs (or discover one not listed), you have done more than half the work already—becoming conscious of what may have been running your show from below your radar. The next step, in my view, is to examine the validity of your belief. Simply asking, “Is it true?”—another powerful question—invites a step back and a second look at what has been assumed to be valid. From this detached stance you might then ask, “What is even more true?” Try this with any of the three questions.

Here’s an example:
Belief: If I claim what I want, no one will care-take me anymore.

Is it true? Well, not necessarily—it may or may not happen.

Even more true: When I really claim what I want, I feel more energized, capable and resourceful. I don’t need (or actually want) ‘care-taking’ from others.

What do I have?
This is a question about resources—inner and outer, hard and soft (as in skills or ware). Once you’re clear about where you want to go, it’s time to provision yourself for the journey. What do you already possess that could be assets, resources?

Take stock of your skills, education, personality traits, relationships, and experience; then ask, of these, what will serve your endeavor. For my dad, it was his teaching—both his love of it and the devoted following he’d earned over 25 years. He also had his experience as a wholesale provider to retail storeowners. I imagine him rubbing those two sticks together and creating the fire that warmed and fortified him as he prepared to take perhaps the boldest plunge of his life.

Especially in the wake of a lay-off, you may want to ask a trusted friend or colleague to help you answer this question. Even in our best moments we can be hard-pressed to list our personal assets and get a true accounting (shadow, shadow!). Who do you know who can help you name the resources inside and around you that could help you get where you want to go?

Here are a few beliefs that might be locked in shadow regarding this question:
• It’s arrogant to list one’s strengths or assets
• I have to do what I’m good at (if I list my strengths, I’ll limit myself)
• If I show my strengths, I’ll have to be responsible

What do I need?
Once you’ve taken stock of what you have, this question asks what’s missing. To get what you want, what else do you need in the way of resources or support? Include things like information, training or education, money, encouragement, mentoring, practice, etc.

For my dad, it was a storefront and a loan. He tapped an old friend for a newly vacated retail rental and his brother, a tradesman, for the remodeling. His neighbor, a practicing accountant, helped him with the loan application process.

Asking this third question may help you to identify some other things you already have—especially people you know who can help you get what you need.

Beliefs you might find in the shadow on this one:
• People avoid “needy” people
• It’s a sign of weakness to ask for help
• I’m not (or my vision/goal/want isn’t) worthy of this investment
• It’s best to go it alone

Alive, Focused & Grounded
Taken together, these three questions quiet and focus the mind, ground us in reality, and remind us of what enlivens us. Each question may also reveal your shadow beliefs, an invitation to discover what’s really true for you. You may benefit from outside help from friends, family, clergy or a professional helper—a coach, career counselor or therapist. The truer your answers, the deeper your roots and greater your resilience when weathering the winds of change.

My father sold his business in 2007 and still teaches 30-some students a week. He’s glad to be free from the stresses of running a retail operation, especially in these tough economic times. Speaking to him in preparation for this piece, I learned that the last 25 years were the happiest, by far, of his career and that he looks back at that lay-off as a blessing in disguise.

Author's Bio: 

For over 20 years Joseph DiCenso has been helping individuals and groups bring more of themselves to life and meet their deep desires. He does so currently as a counselor-coach, workshop facilitator and leadership consultant living in the hills of western Massachusetts. Contact him via his website, or by email at

Joseph was a Certified Co-leader in the Mankind Project for 5 years and continues to be broadly involved in men's work and social justice causes. To learn more about how you can step into your own greatness and connect to a global community of awakened men, visit