In clinical practice, oligospermia is a common male disease, which means that sperm count in male semen is small. It is also one of the causes of female infertility.

Many men may wonder why they suffer from oligospermia.

1. Reproductive system infections

Persistent reproductive system infection, such as prostatitis, orchitis, epididymitis, will affect the testis and make the quality of sperm in the production decline, leading to a low survival rate, so there is oligospermia.

For oligospermia caused by these reproductive system diseases, patients need active anti-inflammatory treatment. When bacterial infection is found, take antibiotics in time. Natural medicine Natural medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill is also a choice when the effect of antibiotic therapy is poor, or the disease turns chronic.

2. Endocrine abnormality

The spermatogenic function of men mainly depends on the regular operation of the hypothalamus pituitary-gonadal axis and other processes. During this period, any link problems will affect the neural function. These belong to the male endocrine system. Once the endocrine system is abnormal, the risk of oligospermia will increase.

The latest research shows that if endocrine factors cause oligozoospermia and asthenospermia, men can also use drugs that are not commonly used: medications used in ovulation induction for women in the reproductive center for men. These medications can also treat severe oligozoospermia and azoospermia.

3. Cryptorchidism

Male testicular contraction in the scrotum is known as cryptorchidism, which is a congenital malformation. Testicular contraction in the scrotum for a long time will cause spermatogenesis disorders. When spermatogenic function problems occur, the number of sperm production will also decline.

If the diagnosis of cryptorchidism, men should start treatment in six months. If hormone therapy is ineffective, timely surgery is the best choice.

4. Environmental factors

Long-term exposure to ionizing radiation or chemicals will affect sperm production, which will lead to a decline in the number and quality of male sperm.

If young men have reproductive needs, it is recommended to change the working environment as soon as possible. If there is a lack of specific elements or nutrients or some trace elements, men can supplement them appropriately, and at the same time, they can cooperate with some related potent sperm drugs.

5. Autoimmune problems

Some men have autoimmunity, the body has anti-sperm antibodies, and this antibody will affect sperm transportation. It will kill the sperm when the testis is formed, resulting in a decrease in the number of sperm.

For autoimmune problems, especially genetic factors, such as Y chromosome microdeletion, men may need genetic counseling and IVF necessary.

Many people think that men have oligospermia, sperm quality and quantity in semen is relatively low, so there is infertility. The decrease in sperm number will indeed lead to the decline of male fertility. After all, the more sperm number, the higher the pregnancy rate of women, but it is not necessarily that oligospermia is infertility.

Oligospermia means that the sperm is relatively low, but there are also healthy and normal sperm. As long as these sperm enter the female body and combine with the egg, they can be pregnant. So it is not necessarily infertile if the number of sperm is small.

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